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Flashcards in Test 6 Deck (40):
1

what is the literary style of the Summa Theologiae?

Aquinas's views set out as answers to questions, later rejection of the scholastic style, riskiness of Aquinas's ideas

2

Dominican order

canis domini, order of preachers, preachers of crusades, linguistic studies

3

Frederick II vs____

Innocent IV

4

to which pope did king john appeal to retract the magna carta?

Innocent III

5

apatheia

no place for grace

6

eternal law of reason

principle of practical reason in the lawgiver

7

natural law

rational for men
analogical for animals
simple and universal precepts
golden rule
role of casuistry

8

What are the prereques for just war?

1. it mus be official
2. just cause: self-defense-
pre-emptive strike
recovering unjustly seized territory
3. right intentions

9

ratione peccati

intervention when grave moral issues are raised

10

intervention when grave moral issues are raised

mirror of princes

11

deposition of tyrants

1. removal must be an act of the community
a. john lockes appeal to heaven
2. question of who may start the process
3. superiority of the body that could dismiss the sovereign, which led to the:
a. conciliar movement within the church
b. revival of republic theory in Italian city-states
c. rise of modern representative democracy

12

Conciliar movement

church reform
habsburgs abandoned the attempt to unify Italy
subsequent attempts
vision of a new roman empire died

13

the resignation of celestine V contributed to what?

the defeat of the papacy

14

Who wrote a play that showed the church and the pope in a bad light?

Dante

15

tutelary role of government

a positive role for the government in dantes play

16

what is an efficient cause of government?

popular consent

17

unity of will

de regimine civitatis

18

who claimed that representative and constitutional arrangements should govern both state and church, and bartolus of sassoferrato's analysis and defense of the semiautonomous city republics of northern italy

Marsilius of Padua

19

Who tried to emulate Innocent III and lay down the law to the french and English kings, violating the tacit compromise by which for eighty years the peace had been kept outside of the empire and began a fight he could not win?

Boniface VIII

20

What is the great refusal?

His refusal to perform the duties required of the pope (he abdicated five months after his election in July 1294) allowed Benedetto Caetani to become Pope Boniface VIII, the man who proved to be Dante's most reviled theological, political, and personal enemy.

21

who was another option for the Great Refusal?

An alternative candidate is Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor who refused to pass judgment on Jesus. Why does Dante refuse to name any of the shades--including the notorious one--in this particular region?

22

What is Bartolus of Sassoferrato known for?

legal commentaries
conflicted laws
true sovereign
heirs of the populus romanus

23

Christine de pizan

widowed at 24, feminist manifestos,

24

What was the principle of the mirror of princes?

virtue and wisdom, roman example (Valerius Maximus), cardinal virtues, Machiavelli's more disconcerting morals

25

What is the highest good?

peace

26

what legitimizes government but does not limit it?

popular consent

27

What do absolute princes govern the willing in?

general interest

28

What are the dangers of flattery?

1. need to choose advisers wisely
2. problem of venality, what Frederic Bastiat called legal plunder
3. more's acquaintance with Plato's seventh letter

29

What encourages work?

law

30

what are seed-beds of crime?

idle occupations

31

the century of continuous warfare denunciated what?

marital alliances

32

predatory wars

monarchs whorob their subjects wage predatory wars, critique of the ills that beset england

33

Montiagne

his essays are assays of the self. he invent the form, an ancestor of the blog. his was the first modern autobiography.

34

dictatores

men who drafted documents

35

who was uninclined to reject any source of illumination was undeniably a humanist but forgave the medieval school men their lack of Greek and their infelicities in Latin prose?

Pico della Mirandola

36

On the Dignity of Man

1. Walter Pater
2. self-created for heresy
3. condemned for heresy

37

education of a christian prince

1. mirror of princes
2. peace: the highest good
3. his hatred of war
4. sir Thomas more
5. opposition to disgusting forms of execution

38

praise of folly

1. encomium moriae
2. confusion over erasmus intentions
3. its use as a pedagogical device
4. masterpiece of double meaning

39

utopia

1. lucian's true history
2. plato's republic for a later age

40

Montaigne's essays

his essays are assays of the self (he invented the form, an ancestor of the blog)