Test 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 6 Deck (30):
1

the internal state or condition that activates and gives direction to our thoughts, feelings and actions

Motivations

2

positive or negative feelings generally in reaction to stimuli that are accompanied by physiological arousal and related behavior

emotion

3

human motives for things that are necessary for survival, such as food, water, and warmth

primary motives

4

the part of the forebrain involved with motives, emotions and the functions of the automatic nervous system

hypothalamus

5

external cues that activate motives

incentives

6

motives related to the individual's happiness well-being, but not to survival

psychological motives

7

new or changed experiences

novel stimulations

8

the apparent human need for a comfortable level of stimulation, achieved by acting in ways that increase and decrease it

optimal level of arousal

9

a law stating that effective performance is more likely if the level or arousal is suitable for the activity

Yerkes-Dodson Law

10

the psychological need in humans for success

achievement motivation

11

human motives stimulated by the inherent nature of the activity of its natural consequences

intrinsic motivation

12

human motives activated by external rewards

extrinsic motivation

13

the concept that more basic needs must be met before higher-level motives become active

Maslow's hierarchy of motives

14

the theory that aggression is caused by inborn aggressive instinct

freud's instinct theory

15

the theory that aggression is a natural reaction to the frustration of important motives

frustration-aggression theory

16

the distinction between male and female based on biological characteristics

sex

17

the psychological experience of being male or female

gender

18

one's view of oneself as male or female

gender identity

19

the typical behaviors constant with being male or female in a given culture

gender role

20

the tendency to prefer romantic and sexual partners of the same or different sex

sexual orientation

21

having both typical feminine and masculine characteristics

androgynous

22

sexual prejudice that differs considerably from the norm

atypical sexual behavior

23

the practice of obtaining sexual pleasure by dressing in the clothes of the opposite sex

transvestism

24

the theory that the opportunities and restrictions inherent in women's and men's different social roles create psychological gender differences

social role theory of gender differences

25

a condition in which an individual feels trapped in the body of the wrong sex

transsexualism

26

the effects of rape on the emotions, behavior and well-being of many victims long after the rape has occurred

rape trauma syndrome

27

the practice of obtaining pleasure from sexual contact with children

pedophilia

28

unwanted sexual advances, comments or any other form of coercive sexual behaviors by others

sexual harassment

29

an ability to engage successfully or comfortably in normal sexual activities

sexual dysfunction

30

persons who prefer sexual and romantic relationships with members of the same sex

homosexuals