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Flashcards in Test Psych Deck (51):
1

Status

Evaluation of a role or person by other relevant members of a group

2

Dominance hierarchy

Rankings that represent relative social power of those in group

3

Coregulation

Period in which parents and children jointly control children‘s behavior

4

Self-care Child

Children who let themselves into their home after school and wait alone until parents return from work

5

Blended family

Remarried couple that has at least one stepchild living with them

6

Teacher exceptancy effect

Cycle of behavior in which teacher transmits an expectation about a child and thereby actually brings about the excepted behavior

7

Emotional intelligence

Set of skills that underlies accurate assessment, evaluation, and regulation of emotions

8

Identity achievement

Status of adolescents who commit to a particular identity following a period of crisis during which they consider various alternatives

9

Identity diffusion

Status of adolescents who consider various inventory alternatives, but never commit to one or never been consider identity options in any conscious way

10

Autonomy

Independence and a sense of control over one‘s life

11

Generation gap

Divide between parents and adolescents in attitudes, values, aspirations, and worldviews

12

Reference groups

Group which whom one compares oneself

13

Controversial adolescents

Children who are liked by some peers and disliked by others

14

Rejected adolescents

Children who are actively disliked and whose peers may react to them in an obviously negative manner

15

Neglected adolescents

Children who receive relatively little attention from peers in form of either positive or negative interactions

16

Peer pressure

Influence of one‘s peer to conform their behavior and attitudes

17

Social clock

Culturally determined psychological timepiece providing a sense of whether we have reached the major benchmarks of life at appropriate time in comparison to our peers

18

Intimacy-versus-Isolation Stage

According to Erikson, period of postadolescence into early 30s that focuses on developing close relationships with others

19

Passionate (romantic) love

State of powerful absorption in someone

20

Companionate love

Strong affection for those with whom our lives are deeply involved

21

Labeling theory of passionate love

Theory that individuals experience romantic love when two events occur together: intense psychological arousal and situational cues suggesting that arousal is due to love

22

Intimacy component

Component of love that encompasses feelings of closeness, affection, and connectedness

23

Passion component

Component of love that comprises the motivational drives relating to sex, physical closeness, and romance

24

Decision/commitment component

Third aspect of that that embodies both initial cognition that one lives another person and longer-term determination to maintain that love

25

Homogamy

Tendency to marry someone who is similar in as, race, education, religion, and other basic demographic characteristics

26

Marriage gradient

Tendency for men to marry women who are slightly younger, smaller, and lower in status and women to marry men who are slightly older, larger, and higher in status

27

Cohabition

Couples living together without being married

28

Extrinsic motivation

Drives people to obtain tangible rewards, such as money and prestige

29

Intrinsic motivation

Causes people wo work for their own enjoyment, not just for rewards work may bring

30

Fantasy period

According to Ginzberg, period , lasting until 11, when career choices are made, and discarded, without regard to skills, abilities, or available job opportunities

31

Tentative period

2nd stage, spans adolescence, when people begin to think in pragmatic terms about the requirements of various jobs and how their own abilities might fit with them

32

Realistic stage

3rd stage, early adulthood, when people begin to explore specific career options, either through actual experience on job or through training for a profession, and then narrow their choices and make commitment

33

Normative-Crisis Models

Approaching to personality development that is based on fairly universal stages tied to a sequence of age-related crises

34

Live events models

approach to personality particular events in an adult‘s life rather than on age per se

35

Generativity-versus-stagnation Stage

According to Erikson, stage during middle adulthood in which people consider their contributions to family and society

36

Mir-life Crisis

Stage of uncertainty and indecision brought about by realization that life is finite

37

Big 5 personality traits

- neuroticism
- extroversion
- openness
- agreeableness
- conscientiousness

38

Empty nest syndrome

Experience that related to parent‘s feelings of unhappiness, worry, loneliness, and depression resulting from their children‘s departure from home

39

Boomerang children

Young adults who return, after leaving home for some period, to live in home with middle-age parents

40

Sandwich generation

Couples who in middle adulthood must fulfill needs of both their children and their aging parents

41

Burnout

Situation that occurs when workers experience dissatisfaction, disillusionment, frustration, and weariness from the job

42

Ego-integrity-versus-despair stage

Erikson‘s final stage of life, characterized by a process of looking back over one‘s life, evaluating it, and coming to terms with it

43

Life review

Point of life in which people examine and evaluating their lives

44

Disengagement theory

Suggesting that late adulthood is marked by gradual withdrawal from world on physical, psychological, and social levels

45

Activity theory

Suggesting that successful aging occurs when people maintain interests, activities, and social interactions with which they were involved during middle age

46

Continuity theory

Suggesting that people need to maintain their desired level of involvement in society in order to maximize their sense of well-being and self-esteem

47

Continuing-care Community

Community that offers an environment in which all residents are retirement age or old der and need various levels of care

48

Adult day-care facilities

Setting in which elderly individuals receive car only during day, spend nights and weekends in own homes

49

Skilled-nursing facilities

Settings that provide full-time nursing care for people who have chronic illness or are recovering from a temporary medical condition

50

Institutionalism

Psychological state in which people in nursing homes develop apathy, indifference, and a lack of caring about themselves

51

Elder abuse

Physical or psychological mistreatment or neglect of elderly individuals