Test Six ~ Ch. 25-27 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test Six ~ Ch. 25-27 Deck (26):
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Era of Latin America Independece

Mother country was in turmoil from Napoleon. Colonies saw as chance to break away. 18th century. enlightenment ideas cause revolutions in the European dominated south and Central American countries, caudillos are the leaders who turned absolutist 19th century, happened because Napoleon was invading the Iberian peninsula, Spain and Portugal are out trying to fight their own war and ignoring their colonies, Brazil rebellion was sponsored by the king of Portugal, Pedro the first took control, Creols was the revolting, educated by enlightenment philosophers, had military connections

1

Revolutions in L.A.

See chart. european forces were occupied with Napoleon, took the chance to rebel and established their independence

2

Women in Post-Revolution L.A.

Not a change in role. Women did not get same rights as men. No voting. still had few rights, patriarchal, mainly in the home, many support the revolution though

3

Brazil's exports

about 60% coffee after the revolution, sugar before, gold mines in west

4

La Reforma

liberal rebellion of Benito Juarez against the forces of Santa Anna,1854, new constitution and ended up taking land from Indians and ment to sell it to individual Indians, but ended up selling to big land owners, in Mexico, fell to max apmillion

5

Spanish-American War

War between Spain and America over Cuba and Puerto Rico in 1898. Permitted American intervention in Caribbean. Annexation of Puerto Rico and Philippines. America against Spain, began in 1989, mostly centered on Puerto Rico and Cuba, opened up Caribbean to American influence, led to annexation of puerto Rico, Guam,and the Philippines, still held by us, support of Monroe doctrine

6

Ottoman territory lost by 1870

science in decline, Europeans propped them up several times to keep others out of the area (canal to Red Sea), Greece rebels, Balkans started independence movement

7

Khedives, Threat to Government

descendants of muhamed Ali, guy who was thought to be in a prophecy, promised to purify religion, clear line of people ready to succeed him, led astounding victories against Manchus because they were not strong enough to stand against it, tried to reform, Egypt. young Turks, Napoleon invaded, enlisted help of weastern powers, namely British, showed how far behind they had fallen, Arabia led revolt in the army, call on British, more power to them

8

Elimination of Janissaries

they started a riot, the king had a secret army, sent it out to stop the riot, Mahmud the second. Killed families and them

9

Tanzimat Reforms

ottomans attempt to catch up to the west and needed to catch up militarily, enlist British a lot,established high schools, newspapers, women get better roles, medicine

10

Manchu China

taken over from ming china by Manchus, Manchuria, foreigners,literally were asked to come in and rid china of invaders, kept all of the government stuff, ends in a republic, Quing that 3nded in 1912, started taking over, started the last dynasty, before communists, the quing

11

Lin Zuxe

Chinese General unhappy about Europeans importing opium giving the Europeans an unfair advantage in trade, silver begins to flow out of china, general sent to stop the import of opium, burned a whole bunch of it, failed in the opium wars and English exiled the guy

12

Opium Wars

between English and the Chinese, treaty of Nanjing unfair to Chinese, showed that the British had a more powerful navy, flow of silver out of china, opium went into china. Was no longer seen as a world power and was spilt up into territories

13

Taiping Rebellion

1850-60 led by hong shu xuaquan semi Christian, wanted to over throw, reaction to opium wars, Christian converts, thought he was related to Jesus, wanted to increase western influence, rebelled against the Manchus, boxer opposite,

14

Crimean War, Russia’s Weakness

attempt to attach ottomans, thought it was their right, lost because they called on the British and other westerners, saw their power, wanted to start industrialization

15

Holy Alliance- Russia, Prussia, & Austria

trying to defend their faith, wanted to defend each other by military, similar in culture and religion, wanted to expand, left over from Napoleon and his attempt to conquer

16

Compare Japan and China (Industrialization)

Russia had Peter the great trying to emulate the west, Alexander the second went to war in the Crimean war and was an example, freed the serfs, all of the changes are caused by the rulers. Japan was very closed off, they were feudal, Mathew perry convinced them to start trade, Meiji decided all of the updates

17

Duma

parliament for Russia, after Bloody Sunday revolution, workers stormed the palace, trying to fix working conditions, guards opened fire on the crowd, decided to represent the people, advisers to the czar

18

Russian economy at the beginning of 19th century

still had agriculture, nobles buy luxury items, in favorable balance of trade. Not much industrialization. Were behind compare to other parts of Europe.

19

Meiji Reforms

under the enlightened ruler of Japan, ending isolation policy, opening up to other cultures influences, emperor taking role of leader, diet is parliament shogunate is being phased out, feudal classes leaving

20

Bolsheviks

"majority" but really the minority, communism, marks, Linnin, make trouble for the czar, exiled, Russian political party, death of tsar.

21

Commodore Matthew Perry

opened Japanese ports to America, naval fleet, threatened Japan into reversing isolation policy, letter from the president

22

Japan's Adoption of Western culture

Did not take up Christianity

23

Japan's industrial setbacks

don't have many resources, not enough land, have better military, wanted to conquer, took Manchuria, took what they wanted by force

24

Social unrest and Japanese unions

Industrializing as unions

25

Zaibatsu

Everyone lives and works together, factory