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Flashcards in test1 vowels & consonants Deck (14):
1

Traditional Classifications/consonant

Consonants
Place of Articulation
Manner
Voicing

2

Traditional Classifications/vowels

Vowels
High—Low
Front—Back; Center
Round

3

Distinctive Features

-Characteristics [Acoustic & Articulatory] used to distinguish phonemes
-Binary [plus or minus]
-Phoneme [a bundle of features]

4

PLACE of Articulation

Labial [6]= Bilabial [4]+ Labio-Dental [2]
Lingua [17] =Interdental [2] +Alveolar [6] +Palatal [6] + Velar [3]
Glottal [1]




5

MANNER

Obstruents [17] =Stops [6] + Fricatives [9] +Affricates [2]
Sonorants [7]= Nasals [3]+Liquids [2]+Glides [2]



6

Voicing

VOICING
Voiced [15]
Voiceless 9

7

OTHER Major Categories

Sibilants [6]
Stridents [8]

8

Syllables require

Vowel or Diphthong
OR
Syllabic or Vocalic Consonant

9

Vocal Tract Constriction vowels vs consonant

Vowels—relatively open
Consonants-varying degrees of constriction

10

which categories are considered Sonorants



Sonorants include Liquids, Nasals, and Glides
Vowels & Diphthongs are all Sonorants

11

which categories are considered Obstruents

Obstruents include Stops, Fricatives, and Affricates.
Obstruents have Voiceless consonants as well as voiced cognates.

12

Sibilants

Sibilants are the "s" family sounds that are sort of "hissy"; Lips can occur on all sibilants.

13

in what categories consonants fall into?

All consonants are EITHER obstruents or sonorants.

14

Stridents

Stridents include all sibilants and also /f/ and /v/ [air stream directed against upper teeth