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Flashcards in tests Deck (86):
1

MMPI/MMPI2/MCMI-III
(personality inventory)

personality test used to increase the effeiciency of diagnostics purposes
-criterion referenced

MCMI-III: same, but shorter and organised according to DSM criteria

2

Simon-Binet scales

intelligence test (first introduced term ÏQ)

: developed for children w/ special needs
: now used to find giftedness, intellectual disability, & young people too

+strong reliability and validity
+clear instructions for scoring/ standardised

only gives global IQ

subscales: verbal and non-verbal intelligence
= fluid reasoning, knowledge, quantitative reasoning, visual-spatial processing, and working memory.

3

Army alpha and beta examination

intelligence test for soldiers. used to pair mental ability to appropriate positions

+1st goruped IQ test, influenced a lot of later IQ tests
+mainly gestures and picutres (not much explanation needed)

-low validity
-unclear instructions
-bad test conditions

subscales:
Alpha: verbal abilities (oral, math,...)
Beta: non-v abilities (visuospatial/ motor tests)

4

Behavioral Assessment System for children (BASC-2)
- (Teacher Rating Scale and Parent Rating Scale) / (TRS and PRS)

for: Children 2-21 y
* adaptive/ problematic behaviours
TRS: used to examine school related behavior
PRS: detect behavior in the home & community environment
= level of behavioral problems

TRS +PRS: most used behavior rating scales in public schools

+ validity scale for response sets (false responses)
+assess both negative and adaptive behaviors
+contain fake bad scale (can detect if parents/teachers are rating child too high on certain aspects)
+3 norm-ref comparison scale

subscale:
-TRS (school env)
-PRS (home envi)
-classroom observation system
-child's self- report
- parent-child relationship scale
-strucutred developmental history

composite scales: adaptive skills, behavioural symtom index, externalising/ internalising, school problems

5

Child Behavioral Checklist (CBCL) and
report forms (TRF)(PRF)

assess problem behaviour
(INTERNALISING/ EXTERNALISING)
*not diagnostic tool! only screening!

= children and adolescents problem behaviors

for: 2-3y / 4-18y (TRF:5-18)

+ in lots of languages
+reliable/valid
+ quick detection whether child falls in clinical range
+omnibus test (measures wide range of abilities/disorders) esp internalising/externalising disorder

subscales:
1) child's competencies
(social/ academic functioning)
2) problem behaviour
(withdrawn/ aggression/ social/ somatic/ anxious/ depressed/ etc)
3) Composite score

6

Draw a person test (DAP)

personality: PROJECTIVE TEST
*most used

asked to draw a whole person,interpreted as a representation of the “self.”

+good at detecting children with beh. dis./ emotional disturbances
-invalid
-not empirically supported
-not predictive of intelligence

7

PROJECTIVE TEST

personality test (psychoanalytic)
= assess response to ambiguous stimuli
= reveal hidden emotions/cognition

8

Sentence Completion Tests

PROJECTIVE test

provided with a few words and they finish the sentence
*how they write it is also important, not only what they write

=reflect underlying attitudes, motivations and needs

- unstandardised

9

House-tree person

projective: personality

asked to draw tree, house, and person, then q are asked about the drawing.
house= home life
tree= perception of enviroment
person= interpersonal relationships

-low reliability and validity
+might help build hypotheses

10

Kinetic Family Drawing

personality! PROJECTIVE

assess family dynamics (esp child abuse)

kinetic: draw the family doing something

-low validity & reliability

11

Wechsler intelligence scale (WAIS/WISC)

WAIS: adults (also includes performance items)
WISC: children

*now focus on accuracy rather than speed, and MADE THE IQ SCORE AGE DEPENDENT!!

+easy adminstration

WISC: 6.5- 16.5y
+reliability
+easy interpretation

subscales:
1. verbal comprehension
-common knowledge, vocab
2. perceptual reasoning
- matrix reasoning, block design (least reliable), figure weights, object assembly, visual puzzles
3. WM
- digit span, arithmetic
4. processing speed
-symbol search
(processing speed high sensitive to b rain injury)

WAIS: from 16.5y
+hgih relibility
+high validity
+ performance items

12

Bayley tests

developmetal delays and intelligence test
= 1-42m babies

=doesn't give IQ score

+best early childhood test
+ great psychometrics prop.

subtests:
1. cognitive scale
2. language
3. motor
4. social-emotional
5. adaptive behavior

13

Standford-Binet (SB5)
=

Intelligence test (introduced IQ)
- for gifted/impaired
- 2-85y

+Routing procedure (check general abilities to see which subtests are necessary)
+high R&V
+good for very high/low scores (giftedness/impairment)

subtests:
1. fluid reasoning
2. knowledge
3. WM
4. visual spatial processing
5. quantitative reasoning
= each subtest has verbal and non-verbal component
10subtests (5x2)

14

Welscher Preschool & primary scale of intelligence (WPPSI)

=IQ
= 2.5-7y

=10 subtests but only 6 needed for IQ

+ high quality
+new child-friendly stimuli

subtests:
for normal IQ-
= verbal comprehension (info, similarities)
= WM (picture mem.)
= processing speed (bug search)

for perceptual reasoning-
=visuospatial (block design)
=fluid reasoning (matrix)

15

Standford Binet for early childhood

IQ!
just like SB5 but + Test Observation Checklist (TOC) +parental report
= 3m and 2-7y

=infant test scale
detect risks for learning disability
- infant test= poor IQ prediction

- test before 1y= low predictibility
+preschool= high predictibility
+ helpful in detecting developmental difficulties (learning, behavioral, attentional, cognitive functioning, neuropsychological deficits)

TOC subscales:
= characterstics (traits found in many situations)
= specific behaviour (observed in testing)

16

Leiter test

NON-VERBAL IQ test
= speech and hearing impairment!
= 2-21y
= for: autistic, brain injury, ADHD, speech and hearing difficulties

+high R&V
+ non-verbal
+composite IQ

20 subtests in 2 categories:
= visualization and reasoning (figure rotation, paper folding)
=memory and attention (mem. span, spatial mem., delayed recognition)

17

Peabody picture vocabulary test

*hearing vocab NOT IQ

=for: deaf, speech/hearing impairment, impaired motor

+all ages
+good vocab measure
- underestimate IQ (invalid IQ measure)
- biased for native speakers, low SES, black

18

Thematic Apperception test (TAT)

* assess needs and press (projective)
= pic interpretation
NEEDS: perception/ thought/ action organisation
PRESS: environmental influence
alpha press: real external forces
beta press: subjective perceived forces

=for everyone
- unstandardised
- low R
- subjective critera
- likely to over-diagnose
+ useful to understand certain conditions

procedure:
30pics with more than 1 persona and asked to make up story

19

Draw-A-Person test (DAP)

*personality (projective)
=identification of general behavioral disorder

- low psychometric
- doesn't show IQ
- not good for inferring personality nuances
+good for kids with emotional disturbances and problematic behaviour

procedure:
1. draw person
2. draw opposite sex
3. make up story

20

house-tree-person test

*personality (projective)
= free hand drawing

HOUSE: homelife
TREE: perception of environment
PERSON; interpersonal relationships

- low R&V
+ helps derive hypothesis for investigation

21

State-trait anxiety inventory

=self-report of anxiety for research and family settings

= brief
+ differentiates between temporary & long-lasting anxiety
+high R&V
+many fields of application

scales:
= state scale (how they feel right now) 20-item
= trait scale (how they generally feel) 20-item

higher score= more anxious

22

Eysenck personality questionnaire (dimensions PEN)

*assess major dimensions of normal and abnormal personality traits

= 16y+
+ high R&V

3 major personality dimensions:
= psychoticism
high P: agressive, hostile, antisocial
=extraversion
high E: loud, outgoing
= neuroticism
high N: nervous, maladjusted, emotional

subscales:
= P (low scores)
= E ( low: introvert)
= N (high: overemotional)
= detect lying: yes/no q

23

behavioral avoidance test

*how long can ppl endure the feared stimuli?
= for those undergoing exposure therapy

=assumes that fear determines behaviour
- client response influenced by demand characteristics (non-generalisable results)
+ strongly correlated with self-reports

24

Beck Depression inventory

*MDD, dysthymia, heroin addiction (esp. in primary care settings)

+ short, simple: best depression scale!
+high internal consistency
- low test-retest reliability due to the fluctuation of depression, not measurement error)
+ no racial bias
- test transparancy (easy to hide/ exaggerate disorder)

25

Rapid couple interaction scoring system

*couple interaction
= whether they use CRITIQUE/ HUMOR to communicate

+standardised scoring
- only detects obvious behaviour
- high interrater agreement on general (+/-) affect
-low interrater agreement on specfics

26

NEO PI-R (neo personality inventory revised)

*personality
= BIG 5
= assumes neroticism/nervousness deeply rooted in psychopathology
=lexical approach (traits by analysing language)

+ high R
- low V
+useful for research
+ good for adolescents & adults
- assumes honesty

subscales OCEAN:
= Openness
= Conscientiousness
= Extraversion
= Agreeableness
= Neuroticism

27

Single domain rating scales

focused on 1 disorder
- as opposed to omnibus test (assess multiple disorders)
- must first be used a screening tool

28

childhood autism rating scale (CARS)

=2y+
= diagnostic tool
( differentiates autism with developmental delays)

+ used in diff settings (school/ clinics)
+ high R&V

subscales:
continuum-> mild-> severe autism

29

BASC2 vs BASC

BASC2: adaptive/ problematic behaviours
BASC: help ADHD treatment

30

BASC (behavioural assessment system for children)

=help ADHD treatment by measuring abilities of ADHD children
= 4-18y with ADHD

+ high R&V

subscales:
= TRS + PRS
= attention prob
= hyperactivity
= internalising
= adaptive skills

31

Conner rating scale of ADHD

not diagnostic tool alone

32

Pediatric behaviour rating

* onset of bipolar
= 3-18y

+ ok psychometric prop.

33

adult behavioral rating scale

*clinical assessment scale for ELDERLY (CASE)
= 55-90y (by knowledgable caregiver)

+ completed in 30mins (short)

subscales:
= overlap with child rating scale
= fear of aging
= cog. competency
= substance abuse

34

BASC2-SOS (student observation system)

*student observation recording system
= used in educational setting

+direct observation in natural environment
+ looks at immediate antecedents an consequences
+ useful for diagnosis and treatment planning

35

Continuus performance test (CPT)

*BEHAVIOURAL TEST for: vigilance, sustained & selective attn, executive control, inhibition (Basically executive functions)

=comp. based
=simple stimuli (exclude effects of STM)
= attention abnormalities could indicate other disorders (eg. biploar)

+ sensitive for detecting disorders of:
=self-regulation
= attention
= concentration/ inhibition
- doesn't correlate well with other behavioural observation

procedure:
15-20mins of intense concentration

36

Teacher report form (TRF)

* for kid's maladaptive beh. (INTERNALISING/ EXTERNALISING)
= only screener
=2-3y, 4-18y
= same as CBC
(easy detection of whether they fall within clinical range, based on: competencies, problem areas, composite scores

37

personal data sheet

*personality test for army recruits who were susceptible of neurosis (mental disorder that causes distress and deficit in functioning).

major contribution to modern personality testing

38

aspects of personality theories

coherence (traits) and personal distinctiveness

39

psychoanalytic theories of personality

ID/ ego/ superego
= defence mechanisms

40

social learning theories of personality

-locus of control (internal/ external)

41

phenomenological theories of personality

- subjective experience influences behavior
-focus: self-concept
- humanistic approach

42

behavioural theories of personality

operant/ classical conditioning
(interaction with environment + cognitive)

43

trait theories of personality

-individual differences= biological

factor analytic trait theory
-traits most important in personality
- 16 stable traits

44

the Rorschach

*psychological complexity
(intricacy- complexity & integration - assimilation)

high score= better coping skills
psychological complexity positively correlated with social & functional capabilities
- complex scoring, time consuming, expensive, controversial
=association technique (make up story from stimuli)
= used in addition to interview (not a test alone)

45

sentence completion test

PROJECTIVE
finish sentence -> underlying needs/ attitudes
=focus on NOW

scoring:
= subjective interpretation
underlying motivation
= objective analysis
scores for the answers

46

personality research form

theory-guided inventory

-T/F q, based on theory of needs

47

Comrey personality scales

factor analysis
self-report

+short
= extreme scores -> psycho. disturbance

48

MMPI-2

*psychopathology
*personality

49

MMPI-3

*clinical personality patterns, personality pathology
=shorter than MMPI-2
+ adjusted to DSM-IV
T/F q
theory-driven

50

structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCI)

semi-structured
*psychotic symptoms
=q asked in certain order
= see if dsm criteris met

51

Myer-Briggs type indicator (MBTI)

*personality
=self-report
=JUNGIAN THEORY

4 dimensions:
=extra/introversion
= perceive/ judging
= sensing/ intuive
= thinking feeling

52

california psychological inventory

*normal personality
=com. administered
= uses everyday language

**similar to MTBI,
but CPI-> assess normal/ everyday personality
MTBI-> clinical assessment

53

BERRY VMI

motor visual integration

54

CELF-IV (clinical evaluation of language fundamentals)

course and severity of language disorders
=for child +adole.
- $$$$$$

55

15 word test

recall and regcognition

56

wisconsin card sorting task

*cog. flexibility
(exec. functioning, inhibtion, thinking flexibility)
=focus on preservation errors

57

Bourdon VOS

concentration and attention

58

tower of london

executive functioning/ planning

59

Corsi's block tapping test

visuospatial and short term memory

60

Perdue pegboard

motor output (performance skills and coordination)

61

continuous performance test (CPT)

attention, concentration

62

Rey auditory verbal learning test

memory
+free

63

token test

aphasia (language impairement) due to brain injury

64

sound speech perception

cerebral funcitons

65

portus maze

planning capacity and forsight

66

tinkertoy test

executive functions

67

bender gestalt

visuomotor integration

68

finger tapping

motor speed

69

(mini) mental state exam

*screening for old ppl
* global cognitive functioning

not diag. tool

+90% alzheimers predicament!

70

autobiographical data

*predict work success based on past behav.
=assumes stable traits

BIODATA approach

71

employment interview

unstrctured
=only part of employment process
- low V for unstructured
+ modeerate V for structured

=structured interview legally binding, minimal bias
- 1st impressions crucial

72

cognitive ability test

IQ test or test for specific constructs
- bias
+ predictive validity

73

paper and pencil integrity test

*integrity
- easily faked
+ high V (counter work beh., but not work performance)

74

work sample & situational exercises

work sample: mini replica of job

+valid predictions for work preformance
+measures ability to presform in job

75

approaches to performance appraisal

performance evaluation using:

1. PERFORMANCE MEASURE (eg production counts)
+objective
- speed not determined by worker
-trade speed for quality

2. PERSONAL DATA (absenteeism)
-useless unless extreme
- unreliable

3. PEER RATINGS/ SELF-ASSESSMENT
- peers more lenient
-different expecations of peers and employees

4. SUPERVISOR EVALUTAIONS (rating scale)

76

halo effect

1st impression generalised

77

rater bias

=leniency and severity errors (eg. appearance)
=context error (jugded in specific situation rather than objective)
=liking/ disliking

78

criterion contamination

(when rating scale contains factors unrelated to job)

=OPPORTUNITY BIAS
(ethnicity/ SES)
=GROUP CHARACTERISTIC BIAS
(eg. black= slackers)
= KNOWLEDGE OF PREDICTOR BIAS
( rate based on preconception)

79

VE grocery store test

*executive functioning

navigate thru supermarket looking for items

80

virtual reality laterized attention test

*hemi-spatial neglect

avoid and identify objects in VR

81

teddy bear task

*visual neglect in kids

82

mobile conjugate reinforcement paradigm

**action response associations
=2m babies
assess basic memory

83

day/night task

inhibition and response
=3-7y

84

mental state exam (neurological test)

(same as PE exam)
*orientation, memory, thought. feeling, judgement

85

DAPP-BQ

personality

86

SIPP-118 (severity index of personality psychopathology)O

personality