The 1987 Philippine Constitution Flashcards Preview

Personal > The 1987 Philippine Constitution > Flashcards

Flashcards in The 1987 Philippine Constitution Deck (48):
1

Title of Article I

National Territory

2

Title of Article II

Declaration of Principles and State Policies

3

Title of Article III

Bill of Rights

4

Title of Article IV

Citizenship

5

Title of Article V

Suffrage

6

Title of Article VI

Legislative Department

7

Title of Article VII

Executive Department

8

Title of Article VIII

Judicial Department

9

Title of Article IX

Constitutional Commissions

10

Title of Article X

Local Government

11

Title of Article XI

Accountability of Public Officers

12

Title of Article XII

National Economy and Patrimony

13

Title of Article XIII

Social Justice and Human Rights

14

Title of Article XIV

Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture and Sports

15

Title of Article XV

The Family

16

Title of Article XVI

General Provisions

17

Title of Article XVII

Amendments or Revisions

18

Title of Article XVIII

Transitory Provisions

19

Preamble

We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society, and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.

20

Article I National Territory

The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines have sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas. The waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines.

21

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
Principles:
Article 2, Section 1

Section 1. The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them.

22

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
Principles:
Article 2, Section 2

Section 2. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations.

23

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
Principles:
Article 2, Section 3

Section 3. Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over the military. The Armed Forces of the Philippines is the protector of the people and the State. Its goal is to secure the sovereignty of the State and the integrity of the national territory.

24

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
Principles:
Article 2, Section 4

Section 4. The prime duty of the Government is to serve and protect the people. The Government may call upon the people to defend the State, and, in the fulfillment thereof, all citizens may be required, under conditions provided by law, to render personal, military or civil service.

25

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
Principles:
Article 2, Section 5

The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy.

26

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
Principles:
Article 2, Section 6

The separation of the Church and the State shall be inviolable.

27

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 7

The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy. In its relations with other states, the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination.

28

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 8

The Philippines, consistent with the national interest, adopts and pursues a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in its territory.

29

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 9

The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and improved quality of life for all.

30

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 10

The State shall promote social justice in all phases of national development.

31

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 11

The State values the dignity of every human person and guarantees full respect of human rights.

32

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 12

The State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution. It shall equally protect the life of the mother and the unborn from conception. The natural and primary right and duty of parents in the rearing of the youth for civic efficiency and the development of moral character shall receive the support of the Government.

33

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 13

The State recognizes the vital role of youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual and social well-being. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism, and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs.

34

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 14

The State recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men.

35

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 15

The State shall protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness among them.

36

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 16

The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.

37

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 17

The State shall give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture, and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development.

38

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 18

The State affirms labor as a primary social economic force. It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare.

39

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 19

The State shall develop a self-reliant and independent national economy effectively controlled by Filipinos.

40

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 20

The State recognizes the indispensable role of the private sector, encourages private enterprise, and provides incentives to needed investments.

41

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 21

The State shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform.

42

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 22

The State recognizes and promotes the rights of indigenous cultural communities within the framework of national unity and development.

43

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 23

The State shall encourage non-governmental, community-based, or sectoral organizations that promote the welfare of the nation.

44

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 24

The State recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building.

45

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 26

The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service and prohibit political dynasties as may be defined by law.

46

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 27

The State shall maintain honesty and integrity in the public service and take positive and effective measures against graft and corruption.

47

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 28

Subject to reasonable conditions prescribed by law, the State adopts and implements a policy of full public disclosure of all its transactions involving public interest.

48

Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
State Policies:
Article 2, Section 25

The State shall ensure the autonomy of local governments.