The Axilla & Brachial Plexus I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Axilla & Brachial Plexus I Deck (37):
1

vessels:

named arteries are all (superficial/deep)

large veins accompanying arteries are usually (paired/unpaired) & communicate (___)

superficial veins (do/do not) accompany named arteries

deep

paired
vena comitantes

do not

2

arteries:

subclavian artery

--> ___ artery

--> ___ artery

--> ___ arteries
--> ___ arteries

axillary artery

brachial artery

radial arteries
ulnar arteries

3

superficial veins:

begin as a network on the ___ & ___ of the ___

unite into two main channels: (2)

the vena comitantes of the brachial artery (do/do not) become the axillary vein

digits & dorsum of the hand

basilic vein
cephalic vein

do not

4

superficial veins:
basilic vein:

passes up the (medial/lateral) (ulnar/radial) side of the limb

penetrates the ___ fascia at approximately the ___

note: the ___ nerve passes superficially through the same opening of this fascia

continues into the ___ as the ___ vein

medial
ulnar

deep (brachial) fascia
mid-arm

medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve

axilla
axillary vein

5

superficial veins:
cephalic vein:

passes up the (medial/lateral) (ulnar/radial) side of the limb

usually communicates w/ the basilic vein in front of the ___ via the ___ vein

lateral
radial

elbow
median cubital vein

6

pectoralis major muscle:

large fan-shaped muscle covering the upper part of the ___ & enclosed by the ___ fascia

nerve(s)

action(s)

chest
fascia

medial & lateral pectoral nerves

flexes, adducts, & medially rotates the humerus

7

pectoralis minor muscle:

landmark of the ___

enclosed by the ___ fascia

nerve(s)

action(s)

axilla

clavipectoral fascia

medial & lateral pectoral nerves

draws the scapula downward & forward
stabilizes it

8

pectoralis minor muscle:
clavipectoral fascia:

thickening of the deep fascia extending from the ___ to the ___ fascia in the floor of the ___

encloses two muscles: (2)

forms a tough membrane b/n these muscles: ___

clavicle
axillary fascia
axilla

subclavius & pectoralis minor muscles

costocoracoid membrane

9

pectoralis minor muscle:
clavipectoral fascia:
costocoracoid membrane:

pierced by three structures:
- ___ vein
- ___ nerve
- ___ artery

cephalic vein
lateral pectoral nerve
thoracoacromial artery

10

pectoralis minor muscle:
clavipectoral fascia:
costocoracoid membrane:

approached from the ___:
- ___
- ___ muscle
- ___ muscle

deltopectoral triangle:
- clavicle
- deltoid muscle
- pectoralis major muscle

11

subclavius muscle:

nerve(s)

action(s)

nerve to the subclavius

depresses the lateral end of htethe clavicle
pulls the shoulder anteriorly
stabilizes the clavicle

12

axilla:

___-shaped compartment b/n the ___ & the ___

passageway for nerves & vessels of the ___ to reach the ___

pyramidal-shaped
upper limb & the thorax

trunk
upper limb

13

axilla:
boundaries:

apex formed by the convergence of 3 bones in its 3 major walls:
- anterior: ___
- posterior: ___
- medial: ___

base: fascia & skin of the ___

clavicle
scapula
first rib

armpit

14

axilla:
boundaries:
anterior wall:

muscles: (2)

lateral border of the ___ muscle forms the ___

- pectoralis major & minor
- pectoralis major muscle, anterior axillary fold

15

axilla:
boundaries:
posterior wall:

muscles: (3)

the ___ & ___ muscles form the ___

subscapularis muscle
teres major muscle
latissimus dorsi muscle

teres major & latissimus dorsi muscles
posterior axillary fold

16

axilla:
boundaries:

meidal wall:
- ribs ___
- ___ muscles
- ___ muscle

lateral wall: ___ of the ___

ribs 1-5
intercostal muscles
serratus anterior muscle

intertubercular (bicipital) groove of the humerus

17

axilla:
contents:

great vessels & nerves of the upper limb enclosed in the ___ (a continuation of the ___ fascia)
- ___ artery & vein
- ___ plexus

___

axillary sheath
prevertebral fascia
- axillary artery & vein
- brachial plexus

axillary lymph nodes

18

brachial plexus:

great nerve plexus of the ___

formed by ventral rami of ___ (contributions from ___ & ___)

upper limb

C5 - T1
C4 & T2

19

brachial plexus:

sensory innervation to the ___ & (superficial/deep) structures

motor innervation to the ___

vasomotor fibers to the ___ (pre/postgang symp/parasymp fibers)

secretomotor fibers to ___ (pre/postgang symp/parasymp fibers)

skin & deep structures

muscles

blood vessels
postganglionic sympathetic fibers

sweat glands
postganglionic sympathetic fibers

20

brachial plexus:
trunks & spinal cord levels (3)

superior - C5 & C6

middle - C7

inferior - C8 & T1

21

brachial plexus:
divisions & parts (2)

anterior division - flexor part

posterior division - extensor part

22

brachial plexus:
cords (3)

posterior cord
lateral cord
medial cord

23

brachial plexus:
divisions of trunks:

posterior cord

lateral cord

medial cord

all 3 posterior divisions of 3 trunks

anterior divisions of superior & middle trunks

anterior division of inferior trunk

24

brachial plexus:
terminal branches of cords (2 for each):

lateral cord

medial cord

posterior cord

musculocutaneous nerve & lateral root of median nerve

ulnar nerve & medial root of median nerve

radial & axillary nerves

25

branches of brachial plexus (2)

supraclavicular branches
infraclavicular branches

26

branches of brachial plexus:
supraclavicular branches (2)

roots
upper trunk

27

branches of brachial plexus:
supraclavicular branches:
roots:
nerves (2)

dorsal scapular nerve
long thoracic nerve

28

branches of brachial plexus:
supraclavicular branches:
roots:
muscles:

dorsal scapular nerve (C5) (2)

long thoracic nerve (C5, C6, & C7) (1)

rhomboids & levator scapulae muscle

serratus anterior muscle

29

branches of brachial plexus:
supraclavicular branches:
upper trunk:
nerves (2)

nerve to the subclavius
suprascapular nerve

30

branches of brachial plexus:
supraclavicular branches:
upper trunk:
muscles:

nerve to the subclavius (C5 & C6) (1)

suprascapular nerve (C5 & C6) (2)

subclavius muscle

supraspinatous & infraspinatous muscles

31

branches of brachial plexus:
infraclavicular branches (3)

lateral cord
medial cord
posterior cord

32

branches of brachial plexus:
infraclavicular branches:
lateral cord:
nerves (3)

lateral pectoral nerve
musculocutaneous nerve
lateral root of the median nerve

33

branches of brachial plexus:
infraclavicular branches:
lateral cord:
muscles:

lateral pectoral nerve (2)

musculocutaneous nerve (1)
*ends as ___ nerve

pectoralis major & minor muscles

muscles of the anterior arm compartment
lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve

34

branches of brachial plexus:
infraclavicular branches:
medial cord:
nerves (5)

median pectoral nerve
medial brachial cutaneous nerve
medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve
ulnar nerve
medial root of the median nerve

35

branches of brachial plexus:
infraclavicular branches:
medial cord:
muscles:

medial pectoral nerve (2)

pectoralis major & minor muscles

36

branches of brachial plexus:
infraclavicular branches:
posterior cord:
nerves (5)

upper subscapular nerve
thoracodorsal nerve
lower subscapular nerve
axillary nerve
radial nerve

37

branches of brachial plexus:
infraclavicular branches:
posterior cord:
muscles:

upper subscapular nerve (1)

thoracodorsal nerve (1)

lower subscapular nerve (2)

axillary nerve (2)
*ends as ___ nerve

radial nerve (1 nerve)

subscapularis muscle

latissimus dorsi muscle

subscapularis muscle & teres major muscle

teres minor & deltoid muscles
lateral brachial cutaneous nerve

great extensor nerve of the upper limb

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