Flashcards in The behavioural approach to treating phobias Deck (10):
What is Systematic Desensitisation?
- Behaviour therapy designed to reduce phobic anxiety via classical conditioning.
- Maladaptive to adaptive
Why is SD successful?
Counter conditioning. Reciprocal inhibition.
The anxiety hierarchy
List of objects/situations related to the phobic stimulus which cause phobic anxiety.
Therapist teaches patient to be relaxed as possible.
How is relaxation achieved?
breathing exercises, mental imagery, meditation and drugs (Valium)
Patient exposed to phobic stimulus whilst in relaxed state.
What is Flooding?
Behavioural therapy.Patient exposed to phobic stimulus without no build up of anxiety hierarchy. Immediate exposure to frightening situation.Flooding sessions tend to be longer than SD, one session can cure a phobia.
How does flooding work?
Phobic person is unable to show avoidance behaviour. The patient learns that the phobic stimulus is harmless.
Explaining flooding in terms of CC
This process is called extinction. The phobic person demonstrates a new learnt response by encountering the CS without the presence of the UCS. The CS no longer produces the CR.