The behavioural approach to treating phobias Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The behavioural approach to treating phobias Deck (10):
1

What is Systematic Desensitisation?

- Behaviour therapy designed to reduce phobic anxiety via classical conditioning.
- Maladaptive to adaptive

2

Why is SD successful?

Counter conditioning. Reciprocal inhibition.

3

The anxiety hierarchy

List of objects/situations related to the phobic stimulus which cause phobic anxiety.

4

Relaxation

Therapist teaches patient to be relaxed as possible.

5

How is relaxation achieved?

breathing exercises, mental imagery, meditation and drugs (Valium)

6

Exposure

Patient exposed to phobic stimulus whilst in relaxed state.

7

What is Flooding?

Behavioural therapy.Patient exposed to phobic stimulus without no build up of anxiety hierarchy. Immediate exposure to frightening situation.Flooding sessions tend to be longer than SD, one session can cure a phobia.

8

How does flooding work?

Phobic person is unable to show avoidance behaviour. The patient learns that the phobic stimulus is harmless.

9

Explaining flooding in terms of CC

This process is called extinction. The phobic person demonstrates a new learnt response by encountering the CS without the presence of the UCS. The CS no longer produces the CR.

10

Ethical Safeguards

Flooding is ethical, but can lead to traumatic experiences. Patient gets to decide to choose SD/Flooding - Informed consent