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AS/A2 Psychology - Approaches > The behaviourist approach > Flashcards

Flashcards in The behaviourist approach Deck (12):
1

What is the behaviourist approach?

A way of explaining behaviour in terms of learning/observing

2

What are the main assumptions of the approach?

- Behaviour can be reliably observed/measured
- Maintain control & objectivity - LAB STUDIES
- Processes govern learning are the same in all species - ANIMALS

3

What is CC?

Learning by association. 2 stimuli are paired together (NS + UCS). The NS produces the same response that was produced by UCS alone.

4

What was Pavolvs research task?

Dogs conditioned to the sound of the bell

5

Explain CC in Pavolvs research?

UCS → UCR UCS=food UCR=Salivation
NS → No Response NS=Bell
NS + UCS → Bell and food occur at the same time
CS → CR CS=Bell CR=Salivation

6

What did Pavolv show?

NS can elicit a new response (CR) through association

7

What is OC?

A form of learning in which behaviour is maintained by its consequences.

8

The possible consequences in OC include?

Positive Reinforcement - Reward received for behaviour
Negative Reinforcement - Avoiding something unpleasant
Punishment - Unpleasant consequence of behaviour

9

Reinforcement...

Increases likelihood of repeating behaviour

10

Punishment...

Decreases likelihood of repeating behaviour

11

Skinner - PR Research

- Rat placed in cage
- Activating Lever - FOOD PELLET
- PR: Increases likelihood of repeating behaviour

12

Skinner - NR research

- Rat placed in cage
- Activating Lever - Electric Shock
- NR: Increases likelihood of repeating behaviour