Flashcards in The behaviourist approach Deck (12):
What is the behaviourist approach?
A way of explaining behaviour in terms of learning/observing
What are the main assumptions of the approach?
- Behaviour can be reliably observed/measured
- Maintain control & objectivity - LAB STUDIES
- Processes govern learning are the same in all species - ANIMALS
What is CC?
Learning by association. 2 stimuli are paired together (NS + UCS). The NS produces the same response that was produced by UCS alone.
What was Pavolvs research task?
Dogs conditioned to the sound of the bell
Explain CC in Pavolvs research?
UCS → UCR UCS=food UCR=Salivation
NS → No Response NS=Bell
NS + UCS → Bell and food occur at the same time
CS → CR CS=Bell CR=Salivation
What did Pavolv show?
NS can elicit a new response (CR) through association
What is OC?
A form of learning in which behaviour is maintained by its consequences.
The possible consequences in OC include?
Positive Reinforcement - Reward received for behaviour
Negative Reinforcement - Avoiding something unpleasant
Punishment - Unpleasant consequence of behaviour
Increases likelihood of repeating behaviour
Decreases likelihood of repeating behaviour
Skinner - PR Research
- Rat placed in cage
- Activating Lever - FOOD PELLET
- PR: Increases likelihood of repeating behaviour