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Flashcards in The Changing Economic World Deck (21):
1

What is GNI?

Gross National Income- the total income of a country for a year

2

What is the number of people per doctor?

The ratio between the number of people in the country and the number of doctors.

3

What Is HDI?

Human Development Index- A method of measuring development where GDP per capita, life expectancy and adult literacy are combined to give an overview of how developed a country is

4

Benefits of HDI

Tells you about the level of healthcare, education and income in that country

5

Problems of measuring using HDI

Still an average figure, doesn’t tell you about the inequities within a country

6

Which development measures help to show the standard of healthcare in a country?

Death rate, infant morality rate, life expectancy and number of people per doctor

7

Problems of using access to safe water as a development measure

Doesn’t show levels of education in country or about the income

8

Problems of using GNI per head as a development measure

Doesn’t show all elements e.g. health and education

9

What does DTM stand for?

The Demographic Transition Model

10

Why can’t population pyramids always help us predict the future population structure of a country?

We can’t predict future birth rates or migration flows

11

What’s GNI per head

A measurement of economic activity calculated by dividing the gross national income by the number of people in the country

12

What are generic problems with development measures

Out of date data
Unreliably collected data
Gov corruption may result in inaccurate data
Does not show distribution of wealth etc. There could be large inequalities in the country

13

How does high literacy rate benefit a country

If there’s a high adult literacy it shows a heavy investment in education. This improves the quality of life as people are able to participate in society and understand public issues. They are also more likely to be able to access high earning jobs and contribute more in taxes which can be re invested into public services such as libraries which further improve quality of life

14

How does access to safe water link to literacy rate

People are well enough to get to school

15

How does access to safe water link to life expectancy

Diseases that are water born (cholera) don’t spread and therefore people don’t get serious diseases and die

16

How does literacy rate link to number of people per doctor

The better education there is the more doctors there is likely to be

17

How does literacy rate link to birth rate

Better educated women are more likely to have careers and therefore have fewer children

18

How does number of people per doctor link to life expectancy

Life threatening diseases won’t be fatal

19

How does number of people per doctor link to GNI per head

The healthier people are the more they can work and contribute to GNI

More money means more money to train and pay doctors

20

How does infant morality rate link to birth rate

Where infant morality is high people have more children to ensure that some live to adulthood

21

How does infant morality rate link to GNI per head

Richer country equals a vaccination programme e.g. England