Flashcards in The Changing Economic World Deck (21):
What is GNI?
Gross National Income- the total income of a country for a year
What is the number of people per doctor?
The ratio between the number of people in the country and the number of doctors.
What Is HDI?
Human Development Index- A method of measuring development where GDP per capita, life expectancy and adult literacy are combined to give an overview of how developed a country is
Benefits of HDI
Tells you about the level of healthcare, education and income in that country
Problems of measuring using HDI
Still an average figure, doesn’t tell you about the inequities within a country
Which development measures help to show the standard of healthcare in a country?
Death rate, infant morality rate, life expectancy and number of people per doctor
Problems of using access to safe water as a development measure
Doesn’t show levels of education in country or about the income
Problems of using GNI per head as a development measure
Doesn’t show all elements e.g. health and education
What does DTM stand for?
The Demographic Transition Model
Why can’t population pyramids always help us predict the future population structure of a country?
We can’t predict future birth rates or migration flows
What’s GNI per head
A measurement of economic activity calculated by dividing the gross national income by the number of people in the country
What are generic problems with development measures
Out of date data
Unreliably collected data
Gov corruption may result in inaccurate data
Does not show distribution of wealth etc. There could be large inequalities in the country
How does high literacy rate benefit a country
If there’s a high adult literacy it shows a heavy investment in education. This improves the quality of life as people are able to participate in society and understand public issues. They are also more likely to be able to access high earning jobs and contribute more in taxes which can be re invested into public services such as libraries which further improve quality of life
How does access to safe water link to literacy rate
People are well enough to get to school
How does access to safe water link to life expectancy
Diseases that are water born (cholera) don’t spread and therefore people don’t get serious diseases and die
How does literacy rate link to number of people per doctor
The better education there is the more doctors there is likely to be
How does literacy rate link to birth rate
Better educated women are more likely to have careers and therefore have fewer children
How does number of people per doctor link to life expectancy
Life threatening diseases won’t be fatal
How does number of people per doctor link to GNI per head
The healthier people are the more they can work and contribute to GNI
More money means more money to train and pay doctors
How does infant morality rate link to birth rate
Where infant morality is high people have more children to ensure that some live to adulthood