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Flashcards in The classical & medieval world Deck (4)
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1

Factors that allow critical enquiry to develop:

Absence of religious explanation.
Uncoupling of belief value/desire-> willing to subject belief to test
Started in classical Greece (social/material conditions)

2

Presocratics:

Thales & ontological issues (the physicists) natural explanations
Universe made of water-> single element-> atomic theory
Pythagoras- reasoning =truth

3

Socrates and Plato:

Socratic method- critical dialogue, rationalism
Self knowledge= ultimate value
Personality= 3 aspects/tripartite (rational, spirite, appetitive

4

Aristotle:

sympathetic to empirical view held by scientists today, naturalistic
•Scientific: in practice and theory of knowledge
•Argued for purpose in nature- each structure has a function