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Flashcards in The Crimean Winter Deck (48):
1

Who was George Lawson

doctor, surgeon in the Crimea

2

Who was Charles Addington

British Cavalry officer

3

Who was Henry Clifford

major-general who received the Victoria Cross

4

who was Frederick Dallas

a soldier who wrote letters home, which were later collated and published

5

who was George Newman

sergeant who wrote a diary and was imprisoned at Inkerman

6

who was General Paget?

general who returned after only 2 months in the Crimea
wrote journals for private circulation

7

Who was Captain Christie

harbour master who refused to allow ships in to harbour

8

What were the two ships Captain Christie didn't allow to harbour at Balaklava?

Resolute and Prince

9

What were the two ships Christie didn't allow to harbour carrying

15,000 pairs of leather boots, 20 days supply of hay, 40,000 fur coats etc.

supplies to have lasted British army for winter

10

Where were the allies optimistic would fall, providing them a base to spend their winter?

Sevastopol

11

What harbour was chaotic and overcrowded?

Balaklava

12

When did the government send over supplies as they had greater foresight?

October

13

What happened to the horses during the winter?

Died of starvation

14

What was the diet of the troops lacking for 6 weeks?

rice and vegetables

15

The 46th regiment had how many people landed in Crimea in September?

708

16

By the 2nd week of December how many of the 46th regiment had died?

108

17

What date was the 'Great Storm'

14th November

18

Who took most of the blame for not getting supplies to the troops

Captain Christie

19

What did Raglan fail to make provisions for in terms of transports?

Failed to make improvements to road from Balaklava

Desultory attempt unsuccessful as was too late

20

Who pressurised Raglan to move cavalry to show Russian's the cavalry was still in operation?

Cardigan

21

What happened to the horses when they were moved to an area lacking forage on Cardigan's pressuring of Raglan?

horses starved

also frequently over-working on trips to Balaklava

22

When did the Russian winter reach it's height

January 1955

23

What year was the Crimean Winter

1854-55

24

Who failed to make sure the road to Balaklava was usable

Raglan

25

When did Raglan tell Filder that the army would be wintering in the Crimea

8th November

(very late on)

26

Who was notorious for not visiting troops and was beginning to be despised by soldiers

Raglan

27

How many British ships were destroyed by the weather

21

28

How many french ships were destroyed by the weather

14

29

What did Russian's believe was their strongest ally?

The weather

30

Who notoriously spent 4-5 days on a yacht

Cardigan

31

Who refused to move the horses to where they could be fed?

Cardigan

32

Who asked Raglan if he could be returned home on medical grounds?

Cardigan

33

When did Cardigan return home?

January 1855

34

Who suggested a Transport Corps should be set up?

Colonel McMurdo

(ignored for months)

35

When did McMurdo travel to Crimea

March 1855

36

What did McMurdo set up in the Crimea

Land Transport Crops

37

What arrived for the Land Transport Corps in Autumn 1855

4,000 men and 4,000 wagons

38

Who in 1855 was the Secretary of State for war?

Panmure

39

Who suggested navies be set to help build fortifications around Sevastopol

Panmure

(Secretary of State for War)

40

Where did Panmure suggest navies be sent to build fortifications

around Sevastopol

41

Who objected to Panmure's proposal about sending 1000 navies to the Crimea?

Raglan

Protested at civilians doing the work

42

In 1855 as part of the 'Works Corps' how many soldiers were drafter in to build a new road from Balaklava to the British camp

6,500

43

How long was the new road from Balaklava to the British Camp

6 1/2 miles long

44

When were 6,500 soldiers drafted in to build a new road from Balaklava to the British camp

What organisation did they belong to

1855

Works Corps

45

What was the objective of the Battle of Alma

If successful it would open up the way for an advance on Sevastopol

46

Who was Filder?

head of the supply system and had not ordered enough supplies as he felt the British would have captured Sebastopol before the winter.

47

What ship was carrying ammunition

Resolution

48

In Spring 1855 conditions in terms of supplies improved, name X2 reasons why;

- transport borrowed from French

- hired Turkish labour for construction work