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Flashcards in The Gilded Age Deck (30)
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1

What were some Republican acts during this time?

-supported the gold standard
-called in military to stop the Pullman strike

2

What were some Democratic beliefs?

-against imperialism and high tariffs

3

What does the Bland-Allison Act do?

This forces the federal government to buy $2 million worth of silver per month. Populists advocated for this

4

What does the Burlington Treaty of 1868 do?

Kicks out all of the Chinese that helped with the railroad from the US

5

What is Tammy Hall?

This is the corrupt organization run by Boss Tweed. They would give food and shelter to incoming immigrants, and would therefore get the immigrant's votes into office

6

What did Samuel Tilden do?

He was the lawyer who fought against Boss Tweed. Ended up beating him and sending him to Europe

7

What is the Gould-Fisk Scheme?

This is when Gould and Fisk try to corner the market on gold. This is illegal because it's speculation and can lead to a depression. The government stopped this from happening though

8

What is the Credit-Mobilier Scandal?

The Union Pacific Railroad gave kickbacks to companies, but the government was payed off and they said it was ok

9

What did the American Protective Association believe in?

They hated immigrants, especially Catholic immigrants

10

Who discovered the cure for yellow fever (malaria)?

Walter Reed, an army doctor. This cure allowed the US to build the Panama Canal

11

What was the Yellow Press?

This was sensational news. It was headed by Hearst, the father of the yellow press. Also involved Pulitzer, Scripp, and Greeley ("Go west, young man, go west.")

12

What was the first pro baseball team?

The Cincinnati Reds

13

What was the Chautauqua Movement?

This was sending things from big cities to try and give culture to rural areas

14

Who is the father of American football?

Walter Camp

15

What variety of things did Thomas Edison invent?

the lightbulb, phonograph, movie camera, and the stock ticker machine

16

What did Otis invent?

The Elevator

17

What did Eastman invent?

The camera

18

What did Edward Bellamy write?

"Looking Backwards"

19

What did Henry James write?

"Portrait of a Lady". It compared American women to European women

20

What did Henry George write?

"Progress and Provity", about the single land tax

21

What did Ambrose Bierce write?

"Social Criticism"

22

What did Ida Wells write?

"Red Record". This was about the lynchings in the US

23

What were the goals of the Women Christian Temperance Movement?

-no alcohol
-no prostitution
-women's suffrage
-public health
-world peace

24

What does the Interstate Commerce Act do?

It regulated what the Interstate Commerce Commission could and could not do. It also weakens the result of Munn vs. Illinios

25

What does "The Theory of the Leisurely Class" by Thorsten Veblen do?

It gives advertising a scientific base

26

What did John Dewey do?

He invented the Dewey Decimal System. From Yale

27

How did Elliot and Dewey help improve education?

-de-emphasized classical education
-learn more practical things like math and english
-more women admitted to college
-elective courses were introduced
-put in graduate and professional schools
-began using the scientific inquiry method of teaching

28

Who was the first world champion boxer?

John Sullivan from Boston

29

What does the Pendleton Act do?

It puts the Civil Service System into use. Implemented under Chester Arthur

30

What kind of art become popular in the US at this time?

Impressionism. This is when an artist tries to convey feelings through artwork