Flashcards in The Gilded Age Deck (30)
What were some Republican acts during this time?
-supported the gold standard
-called in military to stop the Pullman strike
What were some Democratic beliefs?
-against imperialism and high tariffs
What does the Bland-Allison Act do?
This forces the federal government to buy $2 million worth of silver per month. Populists advocated for this
What does the Burlington Treaty of 1868 do?
Kicks out all of the Chinese that helped with the railroad from the US
What is Tammy Hall?
This is the corrupt organization run by Boss Tweed. They would give food and shelter to incoming immigrants, and would therefore get the immigrant's votes into office
What did Samuel Tilden do?
He was the lawyer who fought against Boss Tweed. Ended up beating him and sending him to Europe
What is the Gould-Fisk Scheme?
This is when Gould and Fisk try to corner the market on gold. This is illegal because it's speculation and can lead to a depression. The government stopped this from happening though
What is the Credit-Mobilier Scandal?
The Union Pacific Railroad gave kickbacks to companies, but the government was payed off and they said it was ok
What did the American Protective Association believe in?
They hated immigrants, especially Catholic immigrants
Who discovered the cure for yellow fever (malaria)?
Walter Reed, an army doctor. This cure allowed the US to build the Panama Canal
What was the Yellow Press?
This was sensational news. It was headed by Hearst, the father of the yellow press. Also involved Pulitzer, Scripp, and Greeley ("Go west, young man, go west.")
What was the first pro baseball team?
The Cincinnati Reds
What was the Chautauqua Movement?
This was sending things from big cities to try and give culture to rural areas
Who is the father of American football?
What variety of things did Thomas Edison invent?
the lightbulb, phonograph, movie camera, and the stock ticker machine
What did Otis invent?
What did Eastman invent?
What did Edward Bellamy write?
What did Henry James write?
"Portrait of a Lady". It compared American women to European women
What did Henry George write?
"Progress and Provity", about the single land tax
What did Ambrose Bierce write?
What did Ida Wells write?
"Red Record". This was about the lynchings in the US
What were the goals of the Women Christian Temperance Movement?
What does the Interstate Commerce Act do?
It regulated what the Interstate Commerce Commission could and could not do. It also weakens the result of Munn vs. Illinios
What does "The Theory of the Leisurely Class" by Thorsten Veblen do?
It gives advertising a scientific base
What did John Dewey do?
He invented the Dewey Decimal System. From Yale
How did Elliot and Dewey help improve education?
-de-emphasized classical education
-learn more practical things like math and english
-more women admitted to college
-elective courses were introduced
-put in graduate and professional schools
-began using the scientific inquiry method of teaching
Who was the first world champion boxer?
John Sullivan from Boston
What does the Pendleton Act do?
It puts the Civil Service System into use. Implemented under Chester Arthur