The Great Depression Flashcards Preview

The Great Depression > The Great Depression > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Great Depression Deck (28)
Loading flashcards...
1

became president in a landslide win over Alfred E. Smith in 1928

Herbert Hoover

2

Hoover was ___________and head of the ___________ ________________

Secretary of Commerce; Food Administration

3

The _____________ is a system for buying and selling stock in corporations

Stock market

4

A long period of rising stocks is known as a

bull market

5

A market condition in which prices of securities are falling, thus causing pessimism in the market known as a

Bear market

6

___________ is the act of buying stocks at great risk with the anticipation that the prices will rise

Speculation

7

buying stock by paying only a fraction of the stock price and borrowing the rest

Margin

8

On October 24, a day that came to be called_____ _______, the market plummeted further than three days earlier

Black Thursday

9

The following week, October 29, a day that was later dubbed ________ _________ prices took the steepest dive

Black Tuesday

10

The_________ _______ is a measure of the value of leading industrial companies

Industrial Index

11

A _____ ___ is caused by persistent and heavy demands by bank’s depositors, creditors, or customers to withdraw money

bank run

12

____________ was a factor leading to the onset of the Great Depression

Overproduction

13

The ____________ __________ raised the average tariff rate to the highest level in American history

Hawley-Smoot Tariff

14

__________ _________ _________ kept its rates low throughout the 1920s

Federal Reserve Board

15

A ___________ is a sustained, long-term downturn in economic activity in one or more economics

depression

16

An __________ _________, which is a slowdown in economic activity over the course of a normal business cycle

economic recession

17

People who were evicted built _____________

Shantytowns

18

Another name for shantytowns is ___________

Hoovervilles

19

The federal government launched _________ to send poor immigrants back to their home countries

repatriation drives

20

A vast _______ _______ stretched from the Dakotas to Texas

Dust Bowl

21

People who survived would catch _________ _________

Dust pneumonia

22

The dust storms would be called ________ _________ or ________ _________

black blizzards or black rollers

23

John Steinbeck wrote _____________ and _________ ______ _________ based on the Dust Bowl

Of Mice and Men;The Grapes of Wrath

24

_________ _______ would write folk music based on his experiences

Woody Guthrie

25

Because many migrants were from Oklahoma, they became known as _______

“Okies”

26

Walt Disney produced the first feature-length animated film, _________________, in 1937

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs

27

In 1939, MGM produced the _______ ____ ____, the first movie in color

Wizard of Oz

28

Would hear stories of superheroes like the__________

Green Hornet