Flashcards in The Growth of Parliamentary Democracy: Chartism and Later Reform Deck (28):
What were the Chartist Demands?
Universal Male Suffrage
No property requirement for MPs
Pay for MPs
Name two moral force Chartists
William Lovett and Thomas Attwood
Name two physical force Chartists
Feargus O'Connor and George Julian Harvey
When was the first Chartist petition presented and how many signatures did it have?
1839 and 1,200,000
When was the Newport Rising, how many were involved and how many were killed?
1839, 5000 miners, 20 dead
How many Chartists were imprisoned in 1839-41
When was the second Chartist petition presented?
1842, with 3 million signatures
Who set up the Land Plan and when?
Feargus O'Connor, 1845
How many subscribers did the Land Plan have by 1848?
When was the Kennington Common Rally and final Chartist petition presentation?
Why did Chartism fail?
Leaders: Charismatic but not practical
Division in moral/physical
Middle Class put off by violence
Government determination to maintain the status quo
When was the Corn Law repealed?
When was the Ten Hour Act passed?
How many soldiers did the government draft in 1848 to deal with disorder in the UK?
8,000 soldiers, 150,000 Special Constables
How did William Gladstone get his seat?
From Duke of Newcastle, who controlled the constituency of Newark
What did the 1835 Municipal Corporations act change?
Made local councils elected (including all men)
In what years did Lord Russell propose to lower the borough qualification for voting and to what?
1854 and 1860 (from £10-£6)
Which MP became convinced of the working classes' right to vote in the 1850s?
In what year was the National Reform Union created and who were its members?
1864, progressive middle classes
What were the aims of the National Reform Union?
Secret Ballot, all male rate payers had vote, equal representation
What was the working class version of the Reform Union and when was it established?
The Reform League, 1865
In what year did the anti-reformist Lord Palmerston die?
Gladstone, Chancellor of the Exchequer proposed a moderate reform bill in what year?
What did Gladstone propose in his reform bill?
Property requirement £7 a year in boroughs and reducing rent for counties from £50 to £16
Who argued the working class were not intelligent enough to vote in 1866?
Robert Lowe (MP)
When were the Hyde Park Riots?
Benjamin Disraeli (Tory Chancellor of the Exchequer 1867) put forward his own bill proposing that...
45 seats should be taken from boroughs with