The Growth of Parliamentary Democracy: Chartism and Later Reform Flashcards Preview

Britain, c1785-c1870: democracy, protest and reform > The Growth of Parliamentary Democracy: Chartism and Later Reform > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Growth of Parliamentary Democracy: Chartism and Later Reform Deck (28):
1

What were the Chartist Demands?

Secret Ballot
Universal Male Suffrage
Annual Parliament
No property requirement for MPs
Pay for MPs
Equal Representation

2

Name two moral force Chartists

William Lovett and Thomas Attwood

3

Name two physical force Chartists

Feargus O'Connor and George Julian Harvey

4

When was the first Chartist petition presented and how many signatures did it have?

1839 and 1,200,000

5

When was the Newport Rising, how many were involved and how many were killed?

1839, 5000 miners, 20 dead

6

How many Chartists were imprisoned in 1839-41

500

7

When was the second Chartist petition presented?

1842, with 3 million signatures

8

Who set up the Land Plan and when?

Feargus O'Connor, 1845

9

How many subscribers did the Land Plan have by 1848?

70,000

10

When was the Kennington Common Rally and final Chartist petition presentation?

1848

11

Why did Chartism fail?

Leaders: Charismatic but not practical
Division in moral/physical
Too ambitious
Middle Class put off by violence
Government determination to maintain the status quo

12

When was the Corn Law repealed?

1846

13

When was the Ten Hour Act passed?

1847

14

How many soldiers did the government draft in 1848 to deal with disorder in the UK?

8,000 soldiers, 150,000 Special Constables

15

How did William Gladstone get his seat?

From Duke of Newcastle, who controlled the constituency of Newark

16

What did the 1835 Municipal Corporations act change?

Made local councils elected (including all men)

17

In what years did Lord Russell propose to lower the borough qualification for voting and to what?

1854 and 1860 (from £10-£6)

18

Which MP became convinced of the working classes' right to vote in the 1850s?

William Gladstone

19

In what year was the National Reform Union created and who were its members?

1864, progressive middle classes

20

What were the aims of the National Reform Union?

Secret Ballot, all male rate payers had vote, equal representation

21

What was the working class version of the Reform Union and when was it established?

The Reform League, 1865

22

In what year did the anti-reformist Lord Palmerston die?

1865

23

Gladstone, Chancellor of the Exchequer proposed a moderate reform bill in what year?

1866

24

What did Gladstone propose in his reform bill?

Property requirement £7 a year in boroughs and reducing rent for counties from £50 to £16

25

Who argued the working class were not intelligent enough to vote in 1866?

Robert Lowe (MP)

26

When were the Hyde Park Riots?

1866

27

Benjamin Disraeli (Tory Chancellor of the Exchequer 1867) put forward his own bill proposing that...

45 seats should be taken from boroughs with

28

In total there were how many voters after 1867?

2.46 million