The Human body: An Orientation/Body Planes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Human body: An Orientation/Body Planes Deck (26):
1

What is Anatomy?

study of the structure of the body

2

What is Physiology?

study of the function of the body

3

Levels of structural complexity

atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organ, organ systems, organism

4

What is Homeostasis?

a relatively steady internal state, essential for life; usually maintained by negative feedback loop

5

What is the orientation/point of view called?

Anatomical position

6

what is the anatomical position?

standing erect, arms at the sides, palms facing forward, feet close together

7

superior means?

nearer to the top

8

inferior means?

nearer to the bottom

9

near or at the front?

Anterior (ventral)

10

near or at the back?

Posterior (dorsal)

11

towards the median line?

Medial

12

away from the median line?

Lateral

13

ipsilateral

same side

14

contralateral

opposite side

15

proximal

near the beginning of; close to the point of attachment

16

distal

near the end of; away from the point of attachment

17

superficial

nearer to or at the surface

18

deep

further below the surface

19

Coronal/frontal plane

dividing the body/organ from anterior to posterior

20

transverse plane

dividing the body/organ from superior to inferior

21

mid-sagittal

diving the body/organ directly down the middle into equal left and right halves

22

parasagittal

diving the body/organ into unequal left and right halves

23

oblique

dividing the body/organ at an oblique angle

24

what are the body cavities?

cranial cavity, vertebral canal, thoracic cavity, abdominopelvic cavity,

25

what are the abdominal quadrants?

right upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, left upper quadrant, left lower quadrant

26

what are the abdominal regions?

right hypochondriac region, left hypochondriac region, epigastric region, right lumbar region, left lumbar region, umbilical region, right inguinal region, left inguinal region, hypogastric region