Flashcards in The Human body: An Orientation/Body Planes Deck (26):
What is Anatomy?
study of the structure of the body
What is Physiology?
study of the function of the body
Levels of structural complexity
atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organ, organ systems, organism
What is Homeostasis?
a relatively steady internal state, essential for life; usually maintained by negative feedback loop
What is the orientation/point of view called?
what is the anatomical position?
standing erect, arms at the sides, palms facing forward, feet close together
nearer to the top
nearer to the bottom
near or at the front?
near or at the back?
towards the median line?
away from the median line?
near the beginning of; close to the point of attachment
near the end of; away from the point of attachment
nearer to or at the surface
further below the surface
dividing the body/organ from anterior to posterior
dividing the body/organ from superior to inferior
diving the body/organ directly down the middle into equal left and right halves
diving the body/organ into unequal left and right halves
dividing the body/organ at an oblique angle
what are the body cavities?
cranial cavity, vertebral canal, thoracic cavity, abdominopelvic cavity,
what are the abdominal quadrants?
right upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, left upper quadrant, left lower quadrant