The Impact of Heart Disease on Quality of Life Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Impact of Heart Disease on Quality of Life Deck (18)
1

What is Quality of Life?

The presence of a reasonable amount of pleasurable, successful and meaningful experience

2

What is Health Related quality of life?

Quality of life relative to one’s health or disease status

3

What 3 factors does the ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (WHO)) focus on with regard to QOL?

Bodily functions and structures
Activity
Participation

4

In the Wilson and Cleary model of HRQOL, characteristics of both the individual and those of the environment are taken into account. What 4 factors do these characteristics branch out into and lead to HRQOL?

Biological function
Symptoms
Functional status
General health perceptions

5

What are the most important properties of HRQOL measurement scales?

Reliability
Validity
Responsiveness
Sensitivity

6

Define reliability.

Extent to which a measure provides similar values for individuals with a similar underlying QOL

7

Define validity.

Extent to which it measures what it purports to measure

8

Define responsiveness.

Extent to which changes in HRQOL measures correlate with true changes in QOL

9

Define sensitivity.

The extent to which a measure can detect meaningful changes in QOL

10

In the Seattle Angina Questionnaire, what are type of elements are explored?

Patients physical limitations caused by angina - Frequency of angina
Angina stability
Satisfaction with treatment
Degree to which they perceive their disease to affect their quality of life

11

What are the 8 domains of the S-36?

1. Physical functioning
2. Physical role functioning
3. Bodily pain
4. General health
5. Vitality
6. Social role functioning
7. Emotional role functioning
8. Mental health

12

What are the 5 determinants of QOL?

• Physical functioning
• Psychological functioning
• Social functioning
• Occupational functioning
• Perception of health status

13

What are the physiological symptoms of anxiety?

– Fear of losing control
– Impending doom – Sense of dread
– Fear or terror
– Hopelessness

14

What are the behavioural symptoms of anxiety?

– Fidgeting
– Hesitating
– Avoidance
– Shaking
– Always rushing

15

What are the cognitive symptoms of anxiety?

– Apprehension
– Difficulties concentrating
– Memory problems
– Catastrophic thinking

16

What are psychological symptoms of depression?

Low self-esteem
Loss of confidence
Flat affect
Concentration difficulties
Negative thinking
Suicidal ideation / self-harm
Feelings of uselessness / worthlessness / hopeless / inadequate


17

What are biological symptoms of depression?

Changes in sleep (over / under tired)
Mood (diurnal variation)
Changes in appetite (reduced / increased)
Reduced activity

18

What does the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) give an indication of?

Psychological distress

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