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Flashcards in The Influence of Early Attachment Deck (25):
1

What is the idea of the continuity hypothesis?

The idea that attachment types continue through life

2

What is the internal working model?

The idea that your experience of attachment in childhood will form a model of what you expect from future relationships

3

What will love experiences be like for secure adults?

Positive relationships

4

What will love experiences be like for avoidant adults?

Fearful of closeness

5

What will love experiences be like for resistant adults?

Obsessed by love

6

What is the adult view of relationships for secure adults?

Trust each other
Believe in enduring love

7

What is the adult view of relationships for avoidant adults?

Love isn't durable
Not necessary for happiness

8

What is the adult view of relationships for resistant adults?

Fall in love easily
Have trouble finding true love

9

What memories will secure adults have of their mother-child relationship?

Positive image of mother as being dependable and caring

10

What memories will avoidant adults have of their mother-child relationship?

Remember mum as cold and rejecting

11

What memories will resistant adults have of their mother-child relationship?

Conflicting memories of mum

12

What is the main study used for the influence of early attachment?

Hazan and Shaver - The Love Quiz

13

What was the aim of Hazan and Shaver's 'Love Quiz'?

To investigate a possible correlation between the infant's attachment type and their future romantic relationships

14

What newspaper was the survey placed in?

Rocky Mountain News (an American newspaper)

15

What information could we get from the Love Quiz?

Identified childhood attachment types

People's attitudes towards love

16

What was the sample like for the Love Quiz?

620 people, aged 14-82

17

What was the most common childhood attachment type?

Secure

18

Did adult attachment types reflect childhood attachment types?

Yes

19

What theory do the findings of the Love Quiz support?

Bowlby's idea of the internal working model

20

What are 4 problems with the Love Quiz study?

Ethnocentric (Americans only)
Gender bias (gynocentrism)
Self-report techniques (subject to bias/social desirability)
Retrospective evidence (inaccurate/unethical)

21

What is a strength of the influence of early attachment?

Research support - Similar studies have shown that participants who were securely-attached as infants had good, stable relationships at different stages in their lives

22

What is an application of the influence of early attachment?

Intervention programmes could be provided for individuals who experienced insecure childhood attachments.
Help alter their internal working model and replace with more positive expectations about adult relationships.

23

What is a research limitation of the influence of early attachment?

Self-report methods used which are subject to bias/social desirability

Retrospective information is often inaccurate and can be unethical

24

What is another weakness of the influence of early attachment?

Some studies have found low correlations between childhood attachment type and later adult relationships.

Suggests that adult relationships could be caused by innate temperament instead

25

What is an issue/debate associated with the influence of early attachment?

Very deterministic. Bowlby's ideas suggest that childhood experiences have a fixed effect on later adult relationships. e.g. some participants have experienced happy relationships, despite being insecurely attached as a child