The knee- anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The knee- anatomy Deck (17):
1

Parts of distal femur

Medial and lateral epicondyle
Medial and lateral condyles
Femur and patella articulation

2

Proximal parts of the tibia

Tibial plateau
Intercondylar space
Lateral and medial condyles

3

Proximal parts of the fibula

Head
Neck

4

Menisici shape

Wedge shaped in saggital or coronal planes
Crescent shaped in transverse/axial plane

5

Intracapsular liogaments

Anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments

6

Patella

Largest sesamoid bone in the body
It is attached to the quadriceps tendon

7

Direction of posterior cruciate ligament

Posterior passes anterior inserts medially

8

Direction of anterior cruciate ligament

Anterior passes posterior and inserts laterally

9

Compare ACL and PCL

ACL is weaker and limits anterior movement of tibia on femur, PCL is stronger and limits posterior movement of the tibia on femur

10

Where does the joint capsule cover?

The edges and back of the joint

11

Muscles which cause flexion

Hamstrings

12

Hamstrings mucsles

Biceps femoris, semitendonsus, semimembaneosus

13

Muscles which cause extension

Quadriceps

14

Quad muscles

Inguinal ligament, sartotirus, Adductor Longus, pectineus

15

How does knee locking work?

Femur rotates internally on tibia

16

How does the knee unlock?

Popliteal helps femur to rotate externally

17

Bursa in knee

Suprapatella bursa- above the patella
Subcutaneous prepatella bursa- anterior to patella
Subcutaneous infrapatella bursa- inferior to the patella