Flashcards in The leaders of countries between 1941 and 1991 Deck (11):
When did President Roosevelt die and what had his attitude to the USSR been?
After the Yalta Conference in 1945. He had had a good relationship with the leader of the USSR in WW2, Stalin.
When was President Truman in office and what were his feelings towards Communism/USSR?
1945 - 1953. He was suspicious of Communism and Stalin.
What was Truman’s “Truman Doctrine”?
From 1947 onwards, he made it USA action to “contain” (prevent) the spread of Communism.
When was President Nixon in office and what was his attitude towards the USSR?
The 1970s. He wanted to find a way to build a working partnership with the USSR.
When was Jimmy Carter President and what was the “Carter Doctrine” he developed?
1976 - 1981. The Carter Doctrine was a return to “containing” Communism after 1979.
When was President Reagan in office and what was his attitude towards communism and the USSR?
1981-1989. He wanted to go further than containing Communism, he wanted to defeat it.
What did Stalin want to make sure for the USSR at the end of World War Two and when did he he die?
He wanted to make sure the USSR was safe from aggression. He died in 1953.
When was Khrushchev’s time as Premier and how was he less “hardline” than Stalin?
Khrushchev became leader in 1956. He wanted peaceful cooperation with the USA but not if it meant being weaker than them.
When did Brezhnev become Premier of the USSR and what was his “Brezhnev Doctrine” (1968)?
After 1963. His doctrine that any Communist country could only do Communism the way the USSR does it.
How was Gorbachev different to the other Soviet leaders?
He allowed more openness of the government and he introduced some capitalism into the USSR.