The Learning Theory of Attachment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Learning Theory of Attachment Deck (15):
1

What do behaviourists believe?

All behaviour is learnt
We are born with a blank slate
Food is crucial for attachment

2

What is classical conditioning?

Learning through association

3

What is the UCS during classical conditioning for attachment?

Food

4

What is the UCR during classical conditioning for attachment?

Happy baby

5

What is the NS during classical conditioning for attachment?

Mother / primary caregiver

6

What is the CS during classical conditioning for attachment?

Mother / primary caregiver

7

What is the CR during classical conditioning for attachment?

Happy baby

8

Explain how the baby has formed an attachment through classical conditioning

The baby associates the mother with food, and so therefore experiences pleasure when they see their mother.

9

Explain operant conditioning as an explanation for attachment

Learning through positive/negative reinforcement/punishment

10

Give an example of positive reinforcement during the attachment process

Baby cries so parent gives food to reduce hunger, causing the baby to feel pleasure.
Reduced hunger acts as a reward

11

Give an example of negative reinforcement during the attachment process

Baby stops crying when fed.
Therefore, mum is more likely to repeat the behaviour of feeding her child.

12

What is an application of the learning theory?

Design parenting manuals to help parents understand how they can develop their attachment with their baby.

13

What is a weakness of the learning theory?

Research is often based on working with animals, e.g. Pavlov, Skinner.
Cannot generalise findings to humans.
Unethical to use animals

14

What is an opposing argument for the learning theory?

Lorenz, Bowlby = attachment is innate (for survival)
Harlow = contact comfort more important than food

15

Which psychologists suggested negative reinforcement as an explanation for attachment?

Dollard and Miller