The Leg and Foot Flashcards Preview

Medicine, Year 2, Block 12 (Neurological, Neuromuscular, and MSK Diseases) > The Leg and Foot > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Leg and Foot Deck (34):
1

The lateral tuberosity is located on which bone?

Fibula

2

The medial tuberosity is located on which bone?

Tibia

3

Four tendons on the anterior aspect of Toes 2, 3, 4, 5 are extensions of which muscle which originate from tibia?

Extensor digitorum longus

4

A tendon on the anterior aspect of the hallux is an extension of which muscle which originate from tibia?

Extensor hallucis longus

5

The saphenous nerve is a continuation of which nerve?

Femoral nerve

6

The saphenous nerve provides cutaneous innervation to what?

Medial aspect of leg

7

The sural nerve is made up of what?

Made up of branches of the common fibular nerve and tibial nerve

8

The sciatic nerve divides into what two nerves?

Common fibular nerve
Tibial nerve

9

The sural nerve provides cutaneous innervation to what?

Lateral and posterior aspect of leg

10

The medial and lateral plantar nerves are branches of what nerve?

Tibial nerve

11

The medial and lateral plantar nerves provide cutaneous innervation to what?

Plantar aspect (base) of the foot

12

The common fibular nerve provides cutaneous innervation to what?

Dorsum of the foot

13

What nerve innervates the webbing between the first and second toe?

Deep fibular nerve

14

The sural nerve penetrates a structure before it can supply cutaneous innervation the posterior aspect of the leg - What is it?

The deep fascia

15

Which bone is the largest Tarsal bone?

Calcaneus

16

How many phalanges does the Hallux, and four toes have?

Hallux = Two phalanges
Four toes = Three phalanges

17

What are the muscles in the Anterior compartment of the leg?

- Tibialis anterior
- Extensor digitorum longus
- Extensor hallucis longus
- Fibularis tertius

18

What is the nerve and vascular supply of the Anterior compartment of the leg?

- Deep fibular nerve
- Anterior tibial artery

19

What is the function of the Anterior compartment muscles of the leg?

Dorsiflexion

20

What are the muscles in the Lateral compartment of the leg?

- Fibularis brevis
- Fibularis longus

21

What is the nerve and vascular supply of the Lateral compartment of the leg?

- Superficial fibular nerve
- Fibular artery

22

What is the function of the Lateral compartment muscles of the leg?

Eversion

23

What are the Superficial muscles in the Posterior compartment of the leg?

- Gastrocnemius
- Soleus
- Plantaris

24

What are the Deep muscles in the Posterior compartment of the leg?

- Tibialis posterior
- Flexor digitorum longus
- Flexor hallucis longus
- Popliteus

25

What is the function of the Posterior compartment muscles of the leg?

Plantarflexion

26

What is the nerve and vascular supply of the Posterior compartment of the leg?

- Tibial nerve
- Posterior tibial artery

27

Where does the Fibularis longus insert onto?

Base of 1st metatarsal (hallux)

28

Where does the Fibularis brevis insert onto?

Base of 5th metatarsal

29

What are the two thickenings of the deep fascia in the foot called?

Superior extensor retinacular
Inferior extensor retinacular

30

What are the five structures located in the Tarsal Tunnel?

Tom, Dick and Nervous Harry

- Tendon of Tibialis Posterior (Tom)
- Flexor digitorum longus (Dick)
- Tibial artery (And)
- Tibial nerve (Nervous)
- Tendon of Flexor hallucis longus (Harry)

31

A trimalleolar fracture involves what three injuries?

- Lateral malleolus
- Medial malleolus
- Distal posterior aspect of tibia

32

A Lover's fracture is a fracture of what bone?

Calcaneal fracture

33

The Lumbricals are in which layer of the foot?

Layer 2

34

The Interossei muscles are in which layer of the foot?

Layer 4