The Main Parts of the Airplane Flashcards Preview

Pilot > The Main Parts of the Airplane > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Main Parts of the Airplane Deck (30):
1

What is the fuselage?

The body of the airplane

2

What are the components of the fuselage?

Body of airplain with Cabin/cockpit containing:
Flight controls
Avionics
Seats for occupants
Luggage compartment

3

What is attached to the fuselage?

Engine and propeller (aka Powerplant)
Wings
Landing Gear
Tail (aka Empennage)

4

What is the powerplant of an airplane?

The engine and propeller

5

What is the empannage?

The tail of the airplane

6

Where is the propeller in a Cessna 172?

Attached to the front of the airplane

7

What direction does the propeller rotate in a Cessna 172?

Clockwise as viewed by pilot

8

Describe the blades of the propeller

Two blades that are thicker at the base and tapered at the tips that are twisted at precise angles.

9

Where is the engine in a Cessna 172?

In front of the fuselage.

10

What does the engine do?

It turns the propeller
Powers the alternator
Powers the magnetos

11

What does the alternator do?

Powers the electrical components and keeps the battery charged

12

What do the magnetos do?

Provides independent electrical power to the ignition system

13

How is an airplane engine cooled?

Air cooled. Air flows inside the cowling over the engine cylinders when the propeller is turning and even moreso once the airplane is moving.

14

Where are the wings attached on the skycatcher and skyhawk?

Wings attached to the top of the fuselage, a high-wing design.

15

What is the main lifting source in flight?

The wings

16

Why do some pilots prefer a high-wing design?

Better view of the ground
Wings provide shelter from sun or rain
Better ground clearance of obstacles
Provides easier access to equipment you'll want to check before flight

17

Describe the landing gear of a skyhawk or skycatcher.

Three wheels in a tricycle design. Two main wheels attached to the fuselage and a nose wheel attached under the engine.

18

What part of the landing gear is designed to support the whole weight of the airplane?

The two main gear.

19

Which wheels in the landing gear of a skyhawk or skycatcher have brakes?

The two main gear

20

When taking off and landing, the main gear should...?

Leave the ground after the nose gear during takeoff.
Touch the ground before the nose gear during landing.

21

What is the purpose of the nose gear?

Helps steer the plane
supports the nose and engine

22

How is the nose gear different from the main gear?

Smaller and lighter than main gear
Does not have a brake attached

23

What is the etymology of the word empennage?

French word meaning to feather an arrow.

24

What are the vertical components of the tail?

Vertical stabilizer
Rudder

25

What is the vertical stabilizer?

A fixed (non-moveable) surface on the vertical part of the tail.
Stabilizes the airplane, keeps the plane flying straight by keeping the nose from drifting left or right

26

What is the rudder?

A moveable surface attached to the vertical stabilizer of the tail. Moving it will cause the nose of the plane to turn left and right. Is used to make smooth, coordinated turns.

27

What are the horizontal components of the tail?

Horizontal stabilizer
Elevator

28

What is the horizontal stabilizer?

A fixed non-moveable surface that is a horizontal component of the tail. It keeps the nose of the plane from drifting up or down. (Keeps the airplane level in flight)

29

What is the elevator?

A moveable surface that moves the nose of the plane up or down and is used to control the airplane's pitch.

30

What is the pitch?

The upward or downward position of the airplane's nose.