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Flashcards in The Middle East Deck (35):
1

Who were the three Presidents who went to Camp David Accords? And where were they from?

Anawar Sadat (Egypt)
Jimmy Carter (USA)
Prime minister Begin (Israel)

2

What was Camp David Acords?

Cárter invites the leaders of Israel and Egypt to USA to negotiate peace agreement

3

What were the two agreements reached in Camp David Acords by Sadat and Begin?

- Egypt agrees to to recognize Israel as a nation
- Israel agrees no to fight and remove troops from Egypt.

4

When was Camp David Acords?

1978 or 79

5

What was the result of the peace treaty btw Egypt and Israel?

No lasting peace and Sadat assacinatwd 2 years later.

6

When was the Iranian Revolution?

1979

7

What was the Iranian revolution

Shah is overthrown by Islamic students lead by Khomeini.

8

What was Carters Role on the Irenian Revolution?

The Shah flees Iran and seeks Medical treatment in the US. Carter allowed the Shah to come and stay here.

9

What did the Iranian students due in response to the actions of the US in 1979? How many American Hosteges?

The students seized the US embassy.
52 American hosteges.

10

What was Carter’s response to the hosteges?

Cárter said that’s he would not negotiate with the terrorists and that they will not trade the shah for the students.

11

What were the results go the Iranian Hostage crisis?

The Iran raleases the hostages after 44 days when Carter left office and Regan became president.

Nurtured anti-American among Muslims.

12

What years was the Iran-Contra Affair?

1983-1988

13

Why was the US concerned about the Latin American country of Nicaragua?

Regan felt that the government was pro-communists.

14

Who were the Contras?

Rebells trying to overthrow the communist government.

15

Who are the Sandinistas?

Pro-communists of Nicaragua

16

What happened in the Iran-Contra Affair? (2)

Regan secretly sold weapons to Iran for release of the hostages in Lebanon.

Used profit from these sales to fund a rebellion in Nicaragua.

17

What was the results of the Iran-Contra Affair? (3)

Scandal
Congress investigation
Regan’s worst foreign policy failure.

18

Who was president during the Persian Gulf war?

Gorge H.W Bush

19

What year was the Persian Gulf war?

1991

20

What were the reasons for the Persian Gulf War? (2)

Sadam Hussein invades and occupies Kuwait for it’s oil.

UN and US libérate Kuwait.

21

What happened in the Persian Gulf War? (5)

-Iraq ignores the UN deadline.
-US begin a booming campaign in Iraq.
-US began ground invasions and within 100h
-Iraq agrees to cease-fire.
-Kuwait gets rid of Sadam Husain

22

Who is Sadam Husain?

The leader who wanted control of Kuwait, but was defeated at the end.

23

What are the results of the Persian Gulf War? (5)

- Kuwait liberated
- Econ sections in Iraq
- No fly zones
- Weaponds Mass Destruction (WMD) inspections.
- Leads to war with Iraq in 2003

24

When was the Persian Gulf War?

1991

25

Where did many Europeans Jews settle in waiting to reclaim the Jewish home land? (Timeline)

Palestine

26

What happened in 1947? (Timeline)

Palestine turns into two nations Arab and Jewish. Fighting begins for control of the area.

27

What happened in 1948?(timeline)

Nations of Israel is created from Jewish section of Palestine.

US and UN recognized Israel as aN INDEPENDENT COUNTRY.

28

What happened in 1948? (second Timeline) And what is it knows for?

After Israel is recognized as a country it is attacked the next day by Egypt and Arab nations.
Arab-Israeli War

29

What happened in 1949? (timeline)

The war ends and Israel extends its borders,
Jews from around the world come to Israel.

30

What happened in 1964? (timeline)

Egypt and other countries form the PLO displaced Palestinians

31

What happened in 1967? (timeline) What is it known as?

Israel attacks Egypt
Six days war.

32

What was the result of the six days war?

Israel had doubled their territory.

33

What happened in 1973? (timeline)

Egypt's Sadat seeks UN solution but it is vetoed by the US.

34

What does the veto by the US lead Egypt to do? (timeline 1973)

Yum Kippur leads Egypt attack on Israel
Ceasefire arranged by the US and USSR.

35

What happens in 1977? (timeline)

Egypt Sadat's agrees to a peace treaty and go to Israel.