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Flashcards in The Musculoskeletal System Deck (43)
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1

What type of muscles connect bone to muscle

Ligaments

2

What type of muscles connect muscle to muscle

Tendons

3

Twist joint with partial rupture of ligaments and possible damage to blood vessels, muscles, tendons, and nerves

Sprain

4

Overstretched muscle without swelling

Strain

5

Which is worse: sprain or strain?

Sprain

6

AKA osteoarthritis
Common in older dogs

Degenerative Joint Dz

7

What is very important to treating DJD?

Weight loss

8

What joint is most commonly affected by DJD?

Hips

9

Sx done to tx DJD in which it creates a false joint

Femoral Head Ostectomy (FHO)

10

Most effective sx to tx DJD

Total hip replacement

11

A complex dz that results in DJD from cartilage loss, joint capsule thickening, and osteophytes
Laxity in the coxofemoral joint

Hip dysplasia

12

Responsible breeding, wt control, and pelvic osteotomy are all ways to __________ hip dysplasia

prevent

13

When an animal becomes OFA certified, they require x-rays of what 3 anatomical structures?

1. Pelvis
2. femur
3. stifles

14

To become OFA certified, what x-ray position should the animal be in?

Ventrodorsal

15

More accurate in predicting hip dysplasia and requires general anestesia and permanent ID of animal

PennHIP

16

What 3 views should be done for an x-ray for an animal to become certified through PennHIP?

1. Distraction
2. Compression
3. Ventrodorsal, hip extended

17

A musculoskeletal dz that affects younger (3-18 mos), lg breed dogs in which that cartilage fails to mature into bone and results in cartilage thickening and flap formation

Osteochondosis Dissecans (OCD)

18

Most common joint affected by OCD

Shoulder

19

To radiograph a shoulder, the animal should be in what position?

Lateral

20

A form of OCD that is the failure of the anconeal process to attach to the ulna during growth

Ununited Anconeal process

21

Ununited anconeal process is most common in

German Shepherds

22

Injury or tear to this ligament is the most common cause of acute hind limb lameness in the lg breed dog that occurs during hyperextension

Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CCL)

23

best tx for CCL injuries

Sx

24

Currently considered the best sx for CCL sx
$2,000 min

Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy (TPLO)

25

How long should an animal have cage rest after CCL sx? How long for controlled exercise?

4 wks

26

This will happen as a result of CCL, so it is important to start a glucosamine/chondrotin supplement?

DJD

27

Can be medial or lateral that is most common in small breed dogs
Often not clinically significant

Patellar luxation

28

Most common type of bone tumor in dogs and cats

Osteosarcomas (85%-90%)

29

What animal is more likely to develop bone tumors?

dogs

30

What 2 breeds of dogs are predisposed to bone tumors?

Rotties and greyhounds