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Flashcards in the natural environment Deck (52):
1

how many homes were have been lost at happisburgh?

1000

2

25 homes have been lost in happisburgh since when?

1995

3

how much land is lost per year in happisburgh?

50cm

4

how high is the sea wall at Cromer?

6.5m

5

when was the sea wall in Cromer refaced with concrete?

2014

6

what do groynes do at Cromer?

trap sediment as it moves Along the coast due to longshore drift

7

what has been done to the cliffs at Cromer to prevent slumping?

regraded and vegetated

8

how many tonnes of granite rip rap have been places at the bottom of cliffs in 2006?

5000

9

how many steel gates are there in London at Thames barrier?

10

10

how much damage can be prevented by using the Thames barrier? in pounds

£250 billion

11

how are the coastal flooding effects reduces in Bangladesh?

lift houses can move up and down using plastic bottles which float in floods which is cost effective

12

how does prediction and planning reduce coastal flooding effect?

the environmental agency and MET office show when flooding may occur do people can prepare

13

how many mm fell in the river greta

200

14

how many schools were closed because of the river greta flooding?

7

15

how many people needs temporary shelter because of the river greta flooding?

100

16

where did people evacuate from because of the river greta flooding

ravensfield residential home

17

how many farms were flooded because of the river greta flooding?

110

18

when did the monsoon rainfall occur in Pakistan on the river Indus?

6th August 2010

19

how many people died when the river Indus flooded?

1600

20

how many houses were destroyed because of the river Indus flooding?

650000

21

what were the effects on the environment because of the river Indus flooding?

10000 cows died 1.4 million acres of crop land flooded and roads worth £38 million destroyed

22

where have the steel plates been installed in the houses to prevent flood damage to homes?

Keswick river greta

23

how long it the flood wall at the river greta

100m

24

how high is the flood wall at the river greta?

2.2m

25

where does volcanic action produce fertile soils?

Naples

26

where is the tourist attraction because of volcanos?

mount etna

27

which area of earthquake activity produce raw materials?

mount ijen

28

how does mount etna defend volcanic eruptions

spraying late volumes of water on to the lava to cool it down causing it to slow down and solidify

29

how to people monitor volcanic eruptions

geothermal monitoring. records heat changes magma nears the surface also gps as the volcano usually bulges and changes shape

30

how is the transamerican pyramid protected from earthquakes

the frames are steel and flexible which allow them to sway with the earthquake. also have a wide base

31

when is Japan's disaster prevention day?

1st September

32

where was the earthquake in Haiti

port au prince

33

what time was the Haiti earthquake

4.53pm

34

when was the Haiti earthquake

13th Jan 2010

35

what number in the Richter scale was Haitis earthquake

7

36

which two plates were included in the Haiti earthquake

North American and Caribbean

37

how far did the plates move

1.8m

38

where was the epic centre of the earthquake in haiti

25km west of port au prince

39

how many people died in the Haiti earthquake

230000

40

how many people were made homeless in the Haiti earthquake

1.5 million

41

how many people had the limbs amputated due to injuries in the Haiti earthquake

4000

42

what percentage of the buildings collapsed in Haitis earthquake

70%

43

what percentage of the infrastructure was destroyed

60%

44

how much water does the Kielder reservoir hold?

200billion litres

45

what does London sit on top of?

a bed of chalk

46

what is in the water in Italy?

calcium

47

what does high level of calcium lead to?

kidney stones

48

how old are half of the piper in london

100 years old

49

what percentage of the water is lost in London from the pipes

30%

50

where has a surplus water supply

argon

51

where has a deficit water supply

Barcelona

52

how much water does Malaga in Spain get between May and October

70mm