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Flashcards in the nature and extent of adherents in the world today Deck (35):
1

why are there many different forms of Buddhism?

some new forms have developed in recent times because of the adaptability of the Buddhist belief system to different eras and cultures.

2

what is Buddhism?

timeless and spaceless

3

Where ever it appears, Buddhism adapts to

to local beliefs and customs and changes them slightly

4

how many Buddhists worldwide?

There are an estimated 300-500 million

5

Theravada Buddhism claims to be?

the original Buddhism and hold facts to the essentials of Buddhism.

6

Theravada Buddhism is a rigorous form practiced by ?

monks and nuns

7

what is Theravada Buddhism referred to as?

small raft because it offers an immediate path to Nirvanna for only a few (the monks and nuns).

8

Mahayana Buddhism is referred to as

the great vehicle because it offers a path to Nirvanna for a greater number of people.

9

Mahayana Buddhism explicit goal is?

for individuals to forego their own striving for Nirvanna in order to assist others to get on the right path.

10

Mahayana Buddhism what type of form?

communitarian form

11

Vajrayana Buddhism is possibly the most

explicitly supernatural of all forms of Buddhism

12

Vajrayana Buddhism what do they believe?

There are many gods and divine personification of Buddha and his thoughts and actions

13

Vajrayana Buddhism e.g.?

in Tibet, Dalai Lama is regarded as reincarnation of Buddha.

14

Vajrayana Buddhism what does it emphasise?

emphasises rigorous meditation and the necessity for being instructed by special religious teachers

15

Lamaism was developed in

Tibet

16

Lamaism why developed in Tibet?

its emphasis on hierarchy which places special monks at the top of religious society.

17

Lamaism , to them, the Dalai Lama is the

rightful worldly leader (look for reincarnations if one dies).

18

Lamaism - present Dalai Lama?

been in exile since 1959 when the Chinese invaded Tibet and forced its own belief system on the country.

19

Zen Buddhism: when?

circa 600 CE

20

Zen Buddhism: it was reaction to? attempt to?

the way Buddhism was developing at the time, and an attempt to return to the roots of the religion.

21

Zen Buddhism: what does it present?

a radical attempt to return to the essential meditation aspect of Buddhism.

22

Zen Buddhism: what does it stress?

stresses that enlightenment can only be achieved through deep contemplation/meditation = deeper understanding of life and allow us to withstand trials of life.

23

Pure land Buddhism is associated with

Japanese Buddhism

24

Pure land Buddhism why associated with Japanese buddhism?

connection with Shinto beliefs of the afterlife

25

Pure land Buddhism speaks of?

a pure and holy place where Buddhists go after dying (a kind of heaven).

26

Soto Zen Buddhism believe that

the true law of Buddhism has been passed down directly from teacher to pupil since the time of Buddha (mainly through meditation).

27

Soto Zen Buddhism is attractive to?

to non-Buddhists because it does not require rejection of any other religious belief to be practiced
can be christian and still practice soto zen

28

Won Buddhism developed where and when?

Korea in the early 20th century

29

Won Buddhism: why typically Buddhist?

Buddhist because it’s primarily about meditation.

30

Won Buddhism: who does it appeal to?

busy modern world as it emphasises that enlightenment is available to anyone who is willing to seek it out.

31

Won Buddhism: what are these monks able to do?

to marry and live fairly normal lives (unlike most Buddhist monks).

32

Soka Gakkai is what form of Buddhism?

most modern

33

Soka Gakkai believe how to achieve enlightenment in self?

At its heart is a form of mediation/meditation combined with a tantric chant

34

Soka Gakkai - what do its followers use to promote it?

modern social mediums (papers, tv, internet sites) to promote it.

35

Soka Gakkai what do they try to make?

their form of Buddhism fit in with the modern world/materialised society