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Flashcards in The Ottoman Empire Deck (23):
1

Ottoman Empire

also known as the Turkish Empire, Ottoman Turkey, was an empire founded at the end of the thirteenth century in northwestern Anatolia in the vicinity of Bilecik and Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman.

2

Janisarries

elite infantry units that formed the Ottoman Sultan's household troops and bodyguards.

3

Sultan

a Muslim sovereign.

4

Harem

also known as zenana in South Asia, properly refers to domestic spaces that are reserved for the women of the house in a Muslim family and are inaccessible to adult males except for close relations.

5

Aurangzeb

commonly known as Aurangzeb or by his regenal title Alamgir, was the sixth, and widely considered the last effective Mughal Emperor.

6

Shah

the last ruler to hold the title of shah. Šâh, or Shāhanshāh (King of Kings) to use the full-length term, was the title of the Persian emperors.

7

Maratha Kingdom

or the Maratha Confederacy was an Indian power that existed from 1674 to 1818 and ruled over much of the Indian sub-continent.

8

Timur the Lame

historically known as Tamerlane, was a Turco-Mongol conqueror and the founder of the Timurid Empire in Persia and Central Asia. He was also the first ruler in the Timurid dynasty.

9

Mehmed the Conquerer

Mehmed II, best known as Mehmed the Conqueror, was an Ottoman sultan who ruled first for a short time from August 1444 to September 1446, and later from February 1451 to May 1481.

10

Emperor Akbar

Abu'l-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar, popularly known as Akbar I and later Akbar the Great, was Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. He was the third and one of the greatest rulers of the Mughal Dynasty in India.

11

Nur Jahan

Nur Jahan born Mehr-un-Nissa, was the twentieth but most beloved, and therefore most important consort of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir.

12

Delhi

a massive metropolitan area in the country’s north.

13

Sufism

the mystical system of the Sufis.

14

Sikhism

a monotheistic religion founded in Punjab in the 15th century by Guru Nanak.

15

Taj Mahal

an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra.

16

Ismail Abbas

Ali Abbas is an Iraqi man who drew a lot of media attention after being severely injured in a night-time aerial missile attack near Baghdad during the United States' 2003 invasion of Iraq.

17

Sufism

the mystical system of the Sufis.

18

Suleiman

commonly known as Suleiman the Magnificent in the West and "Kanuni" in his realm, was the tenth and longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to his death in 1566.

19

Ismail

Ismail I, known in Persian as Shāh Ismāʿil, was Shah of Iran and the founder of the Safavid dynasty which survived until 1736.

20

Safidon

a city and a municipal committee in Jind district in the Indian state of Haryana.

21

Kizilbash

the label given to a wide variety of Shi'i militant groups that flourished in Azerbaijan and Anatolia from the late 15th century onwards, some of which contributed to the foundation of the Safavid dynasty of Iran.

22

Rajputs

a member of one of the patrilineal clans of western, central, northern India and some parts of Pakistan.

23

Sikh Faith

a follower of Sikhism, a monotheistic religion which originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region of northern South Asia.