The possessive adjectives Flashcards Preview

Pr. 7 Spanish 1 > The possessive adjectives > Flashcards

Flashcards in The possessive adjectives Deck (20):
1

 

What are possessive adjectives used for?

 

 

 

Possessive adjectives are used to show ownership.

For example:

mi libro > my book

mis libros > my books

 

 

2

 

What are the possessive adjectives forms?

There are two groups.

 

 

Group 1: These possessive adjectives have SINGULAR and PLURAL forms only. They are both feminine and masculine. 

mi > my

mis > my

tu > your

tus > your

su his / her / their 

sus > his / her / their

Note: usted and ustedes also use su, sus. In this case, su, sus mean

your

 

3

 

Why is group two different?

This group agrees in gender and number.  There are four forms. This applies only to nosotros, nosotras, vosotros, vosotras.

nosotros / nosotras = nuestro, nuestros > our

                                  = nuestra, nuestras > our

 

( We won't discuss vosotros, vosotras. I encourage you to explore these forms on your own.)

 

4

 

Do the possessive adjectives agree in number and gender with the owner of the object? 

 

No, possessive adjectives agree in number and gender with the object the owner possess.

For example:

Marla tiene sus libros. Marla has her books

Nosotros tenemos nuestras casas.

We have our homes.

5

 

If the owner is:

yo

 

use:

mi

mis

For example: mi libro > my book

                       mis libros > my books

6

 

If the owner is:

 

use:

tu

tus

tu libro > your book

tus hermanas > your sisters

7

 

If the owner is:

usted, él, or ella

use:

su

sus

 

su amiga > his /  her / their friend

sus amigas > his / her / their friends

(for ud. su, sus mean your)

8

 

If the owner is 

nosotros or nosotras

use

nuestro, nuestra

nuestros, nuestras

nuestra prima > our female cousin

nuestro primo > our male cousin

nuestros abuelos > our grandparents, grandfathers

nuestras abuelas > our grandmothers

9

 

If the owner is either

ustedes,

ellos,

or

ellas

use:

su, sus

su hermano

su hermana

sus primos

sus primas

(for uds. su, sus mean your)

10

If the owner is:

Lupita,

María,

Pancho

Luis,

el chico

la estudiante

(any third person singular)

 

use:

su, sus

 

 

11

If the owner is:

Pancho y yo,

Tú y yo

Mi familia y yo

 

(any first person plural)

use

nuestro, nuestra

nuestros, nuestras

Nuestro libro > our book

Nuestra hermana > our sister

Nuestros primos > our cousins

Nuestras abuelas > our grandmothers

(depending on the gender and number of the object)

12

If the owner is:

Tú y Marla

 

(any second person plural = ustedes)

Use:

su or sus

su libro > your book

sus libros > your books

 

13

 

If the owner is:

Los estudiantes

Los hermanos

Las primas

Mara y Lucy

Luis y Pancho

(any third person plural)

 

use:

su, sus

su libro > their book

sus libros > their books

14

 

Tú or tu?

 

Tú = you

tu = your

15

 

Placement of the possessive adjective:

 

the possessive adjective goes before the object owned.

Mis libros.

Tu hermano.

Nuestra familia.

16

Give the correct possessive adjective:

Pepe tiene dos computadoras.

 

Sus computadoras.

17

Give the correct possessive adjectve:

Yo tengo una clase de historia. 

 

Mi clase de historia.

18

 

Give the correct possessive adjective:

 

Lucita y yo compramos una bicicleta.

 

Nuestra bicicleta.

19

 Give the correct possessive adjective:

Ustedes tienen una hermana.

 

Su hermana.

20

 

Give the correct possessive adjective:

Pancho y Luci tienen un abuelo.

 

Su abuelo.