Flashcards in The Power of the Kaiser Deck (12):
Daily Telegraph Affair
1908 - Von Bulow humiliated Kaiser allowed the interview to be published. Forced resignation, vital to please Kaiser to retain position, regardless of achievements.
1913 - Bethmann-Hollwigg mismanaged the Zabern affair,, initiating a vote of no confidence. 293:54, dismissed by Kaiser and allowed to continue.
That the Kaiser had all the power, everyone who served under him army, chancellors and ambassadors were appointed by him and reliant on his favour.
Policy of Weltpolitik
World Policy - Supreme Army Commander, pass laws which helped him achieve his foreign policy. Foreign policy based on his own beliefs, significantly affected the budget
1912 - Saw the increase of the army to 870,000 people, Flottenpolitik.
1900 - Saw the increase of the amount of battleships to 38 over the next 20 years, Flottenpolitik.
The period wasn't a parliamentary democracy, but of an autocratic monarchy, where policy was based on Kaiser's beliefs and his influence on elected institutions (Hollwigg).
-Full power of Foreign policy
-Always King of Prussia (favouritism)
-Military Oath to Kaiser not people
Unite the political parties to support Weltpolitik.
Quote Ineffective Democracy
Karl Liebknecht - 'A fig leaf for absolutism' portraying how ineffective democracy was and that it was more the personal rule of the Kaiser.
Chris Clark - 'Nothing but a vehicle for Prussian domination'