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Flashcards in The Protestant Reformation Deck (13)
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1

Simony

The buying and selling of church positions

2

Indulgence

A cancellation of punishment for sins

3

Predestination

A belief that the fate of every persons soul was decided by God long ago

4

Vernacular

The language spoken by people in their homes

5

Bull

An official order from the pope with his lead seal, called a "bulla" attached

6

Dogma

Official teachings

7

Nepotism

Giving jobs to undeserving relatives

8

Protestant reformation

The increased amount of Literacy and Bibles made all the difference to the Protestants

9

Martin Luther

He was a monk who drew up a list of arguments against the churches teachings/practices and nailed them to the door of the church. (95 theses)

10

Inquisition

An organization used to stop Heresy. They were given more power to question, torture, and kill enemies of the church

11

Erasmus

He tried to live as a monk when he was young but found he was not suited to life in a monastery. He was ordained as a priest, went to the university of Paris, studied Greek and Latin. He became famous for his learning and travelled to England where he met king Henry VIII. He wrote humorous books and taught to get more money. His books were about attacking the church, attacking the priests, cardinals, bishops, and even the pope. Never considered a heretic

12

John Calvin

He was a french Lawyer who also set up a Christian state in the city of Geneva, Switzerland.

13

Jesuits

Ignatius Loyola organized the society of Jesus- The Jesuits- to protect the church and spread the Catholic messages.