What are the main causes of red eye?
- Anterior uveitis
- Acute angle closure glaucoma
- Subconjunctival haemorrhage
- Orbital disease such as cellulitis
What is the most common cause of red eye?
Damage to which glands will lead to eye film disruption?
In which two ways are lacrimal glands most commonly damaged?
- Sjogrens syndrome
Where is deep pain within the eye sometimes referred?
Mucoid stringy discharge from the eye is associated with which cause?
The use of contact lenses predisposes the wearer to which type of infection at a much higher rate than non-wearers?
How can an acanthamoeba infection within the eye be treated?
Chlorhexidine ophthalmic drops (antiseptic)
Acanthamoeba causes which condition within the eye?
When balloting the upper conjunctival fornix how will it feel if the patient has glaucoma?
What is blepharitis?
What is the difference between anterior and posterior blepharitis?
Anterior - lid margin is redder then the deeper part of the lid
Posterior - Lid margin often looks quite normal yet the deep aspect is inflamed
What causes anterior blepharitis?
- Staphylococcal infection involving the lash follicle
- Seborrheic scales on the eyelashes
What causes posterior blepharitis?
Meibomian gland dysfunction
How does blepharitis often feel to the patient?
- Dry, gritty eyes
- Foreign body sensation
What are the signs for seborrheic blepharitis?
- Lid margin red
Why is dandruff a sign for seborrheic blepharitis?
There is an association with seborrheic dermatitis which causes oily flaky skin
What is the term given to eyelashes which are ingrowing?
What are the main signs for a staphylococcal blepharitis?
- Lid margin red
- Distorted lashes and trichiasis
- Styes, ulcers of lid margin
- Corneal staining, margin ulcers (exotoxin induced)
Posterior blepharitis, or meibomian gland disease, has a strong association with which other condition?
How is meibomian gland disease generally treated?
Long term, low dose tetracycline
What happens if a meibomian cyst does not resolve itself after 3 months?
Incision and drainage
What are the causes for infective conjunctivitis?
If conjunctivitis is associated with an itch it is most likely to be due to what?
Rice grain follicles are associated with which cause of conjunctivitis?
Small circular papillae which are red in the centre and found on the inside of the eyelids are associated with which cause of conjunctivitis?
What are the most common organisms to cause bacterial conjunctivitis in adults?
- S. aureus
- S. pneumoniae
- H. influenzae
A red sticky eye is most associated with which cause for conjunctivitis?
What often preceeds a viral conjunctivitis?
What can induce a follicular conjunctivitis?