Flashcards in The Respiratory System (Thorax 1) Deck (81):
What is the anterior thoracic wall comprised of ?
The sternum (manibrium and xiphisternum) and the thymus gland in children below 12 years of age.
What is the posterior thoracic wall comprised of ?
What is the lateral thoracic wall comprised of ?
Which bones articulate with the Manubrium at its superolateral angles ?
Both clavicles at their sternal ends and both first and second pairs of ribs
What is the name given to the above mentioned joints and what type of cartilage is found at these joints ?
Sternocostal joints (Hyaline cartilaginous joints)
What is the name given to the notch formed by the superior border of the manubrium ?
Sternal (Jugular) notch
At what vertebral level is the xiphoid process located ?
At what vertebral level is the sternomanubrial joint found ?
With the bodies of which thoracic vertebrae will the head of rib 7 articulate ?
T6 and T7
With which thoracic vertebral structure does the tubercle articulate ?
The transverse process
What structures lie in the costal groove ?
Which ribs are true rubs ?
Which ribs are false ribs ?
Which ribs are floating ribs ?
How is the first rib atypical ?
It is short, wide and flat and articulates with only one vertebrae (T1).
What other grooves are found on the first rib ?
The grooves for the subclavian artery and the groove fore the subclavian vein
The demi-facets on the body of the vertebrae articulate with what part of the rib ?
The head of the rib
The head of the rib articulates with what part of the vertebrae ?
The demi-facets of the vertebrae
What neural structure occupies the inter-vertebral notch ?
Spinal nerve root
What part of the rib articulates with the transverse process of the vertebrae ?
The tubercle of the rib articulates with what part of the vertebrae ?
Th transverse process
Which two parts of the vertebrae form the neural arch ?
The 2 pedicles and 2 laminae
A typical rib articulates with two vertebrae,with which vertebrae would rib 6 articulate ?
T6 and T5, the vertebral body of the same number and the vertebral body immediately above
Which anatomical structures make up the anatomical thoracic inlet ?
Rib 1 and the first thoracic vertebrae
Which anatomical structures make up the anatomical thoracic outlet ?
The 12th rib and the 12th thoracic vertebrae
Which ribs/costal cartilages form the costal margin ?
Which costal cartilage are directly attached to the sternum ?
Which ribs are indirectly attached to the sternum through preceding costal cartilage ?
What are the three layers of intercostal muscle ?
External intercostal muscles
Internal intercostal muscles
Innermost intercostal muscles
From superior to inferior what is the sequence of the neurovascular bundle ?
Between which two layers of intercostals is the neurovascular bundle found ?
Internal intercostals and innermost intercostals
In which area of the rib is the neurovascular bundle found ?
The costal groove
What intercostal muscles are used for inspiration and expiration ?
Inspiration: External intercostals and diaphragm
Expiration: Internal intercostals and subcostals
For each neurovascular bundle what is found on top of each rib ?
A small collateral branch of the neurovascular bundle
What is the normal location for a chest drain ?
5th intercostal space mid axillary line
What is a dermatome ?
An area of the body that is supplied by a single spinal nerve
What is the spinal root of the brachial plexus ?
What is the spinal root of the lumbosacral plexus ?
Lymph nodes are found around what type of vessel ?
What is the dermatome overlying the following:
Sternal angle: T2
Nipple area: T4
Inguinal region: L1
What kind of muscle is the diaphragm made of ?
Skeletal muscle with a central tendon
How many major hiatus' does the diaphragm have ?
3 major hiatus'
What comes through the openings in the diaphragm into the abdominal cavity ?
The inferior vena cava
How many attachments does the diaphragm have ?
Which attachment is the longest and at what vertebral level does it attach ?
The righ crus attaches at L2/L3
What vertebral level does the left crus attach to ?
What is the name of the diaphragm's most posterior attachment ?
The medial arcuate ligament
Which of the left and right dome lies more superior during normal expiration and why ?
The left as the diaphragm is attached to the pericardium
What cardiac structure is firmly attached to the diaphragm ?
The fibrous pericardium
Which membrane covers the superior surface of the diaphragm ?
The parietal pleura
From most superior to inferior what are the vertebral levels for the openings within the diaphragm ?
Inferior vena cava: T8
Through which part of the diaphragm does the inferior vena cava pass ? the tendonous part or the muscular part ?
The tendonous part
Which pair of nerves are the most important in supplying the diaphragm ?
The pair of phrenic nerves that supply the diaphragm with motor and sensory input
The lower intercostal nerves supply what aspect of the diaphragm and with what ?
Supply the peripheral diaphragm with sensory supply
What is the nerve root of the phrenic nerve ?
C3, 4 and 5
Where does the vagus nerves lie in relation to the heart ?
More posterior and medially than the phrenic nerves
What kind of cartilage is the epiglottis made of ?
What type of cartilage is the thyroid cartilage ?
What type of cartilage is the cricoid cartilage ?
What is the medical name for an adams apple ?
Which cartilage forms the laryngeal prominence ?
Name the muscle which completes the tracheal rings posteriorly ?
The name of the bifurcation of the trachea ?
The arteries lying immediately lateral to the trachea in the neck are ?
The common carotid arteries
The nerve lying immediately lateral to the trachea on both sides
The vagus nerve
At what vertebral level does the trachea divide ?
Which of the two bronchi are shorter and wider and more vertical ?
The right bronchus
Which two major arteries arch over the left main bronchus ?
The left pulmonary artery and the ascending aorta
Which bronchus gives off a branch before entering the lung and what is this branch called ?
The right bronchus gives off the eparterial bronchus (superior lobar bronchus)
On which lung surface if the hilum found ?
The medistinal surface
What is the hilum of the lung ?
An area of the lung on the mediastinal surface
What is the root of the lung ?
A group of structures found in the hila of the lung
What four structures does the lung root comprise of ?
The main bronchus
The pulmonary artery
The superior pulmonary vein
The inferior pulmonary vein
What are the two pleural membranes ?
The visceral pleura and the parietal pleura
Which pleural membrane feels pain ?
What is found between the pleural membranes ?
The pleural cavity
What is the nae of the area where the pleura changes direction to line another surface ?
During inspiration a space is created at the reflection, what is this space known as ?
At what intercostal space would you aspirate from the pleural cavity ?
9th intercostal space
How many ribs difference does the pleura lie in relation to the lung ?
Two ribs below the lung