The Skeletal System Flashcards Preview

PE > The Skeletal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Skeletal System Deck (19):
1

What are the different types of bone?

- Long bones
- Short bones
- Flat bones
- Irregular bones

2

What's the use of long bones?

Key for movement

3

Give examples of long bones

- Femur
- Radius
- Tibula
- Fibula
- Clavicle
- Metatarsals (feet)
- Metacarpals (hands)

4

What's the use of flat bones?

Protecting organs

5

Give examples of flat bones

- Pelvis
- Ribs
- Cranium
- sternum
- Scapula

6

What's the use of short bones?

To carry weight

7

Give examples of short bones

- Tarsals (in your feet)
- Carpals (in your hands)

8

What's the use of irregular bones?

They are a unique design to fit a certain purpose

9

Give examples of irregular bones

- Patella
- All parts of vertebral column

10

From top to bottom what is the order of the vertebral column

- Cervical
- Thoracic
- Lumbar
- Sacrum
- Coccyx

11

What are the 5 functions of the skeleton?

- Blood cell production
- Muscle attachment
- Mineral storage
- Movement
- Protection

12

What do ribs protect?

- Heart
- Lungs

13

What does the cranium protect?

Brain

14

What does the vertebral column protect?

Spinal cord

15

What do red blood cells carry?

Oxygen

16

What is the function of white blood cells?

To fight off infection

17

What do tendons do?

Attach muscle to bone

18

What do ligaments do?

Attach bone to bone

19

Where are the atlas and axis bones found?

In the neck