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Pathology > The Skin > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Skin Deck (24):
1

What are the functions of the skin?

Largest organ, protective, temperature and water loss, sensation, Vit D synthesis

2

What is a flat area of skin called with altered colour?

Macule

3

What is a flat area of skin called with altered colour and texture?

Patch

4

What is a raised lesion with palpe scaling?

Plaque

5

What is a small solid raised lesion?

Papule

6

What is a large solid raised lesion?

Nodule

7

What is a small solid water filled lesion?

Vesicle

8

What is a large solid water filled lesion?

Bulla

9

What type of lesions are skin tags, moles, cysts and papilomas?

Benign

10

What are flesh coloured tags, commonly found on the trunk, neck, face and groin, generally in the older called?

Fibro-epithelium Polyps

11

What are proliferation of melanocytes of naevus cells called?

Naevi

12

What is the clinical term of encompassing 2 types of cysts from the epithelium? (Epidermoid and Pilar)

Sebaceous cyst

13

What arises spontaneously on the trunk, head and neck and is common in older people?

Seborrhoeic keratosis

14

What are bluey/red, tend to occur in children and are benign vascular tumours of the dermis?

Haemangioma

15

What type of lesions are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, bowens disease, melanoma?

Malignant

16

What is the most common human cancer, slowly growing, rarely mets and in sun exposed sites?

Basal cell carcinoma

17

What is a precursor to SCC, epidermal dysplasia and a result of sun damage?

Bowens disease

18

What is the second commonest skin tumour of sun exposed sites in older people?

Squamous cell carcinoma

19

What is fairly common in sun damaged skin, aggressive and widely spread?

Melanoma

20

What do the A B C D E stand for in relation to melanoma?

Asymmetry, Border, Colour, Diameter, Enlarge

21

What rash is a clinical term that encompasses many different conditions? itchy burning rash blistered

Eczema

22

What rash commonly affects elbows, knees, scalp, penis associated with nail change, arthritis, joint disease and causes a salmon pink with silver scaling?

Psoriasis

23

What rash is v common in elderly and young, caused by mites, skin - skin?

Scabies

24

What non blanching rash makes you feel unwell, deteriorate rapidly, dislike light?

Meningitis