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Flashcards in The Southern Rhone Deck (92):
1

What are the 13/18 blending varietals of Châteauneuf-du-Pape AOP?

Grenache (Noir/Blanc/Gris)
Mourvèdre
Syrah
Cinsault
Counoise
Piquepoul (Noir/Blanc/Gris)
Terret Noir
Bourboulenc
Clairette/Clairette Rosé
Roussanne
Vaccarèse
Picardan
Muscardin
*for red wines, all varieties are permitted, but white and red musts need to be blended prior to vinification

2

What is the Southern Rhône’s largest appellation and the base designation for wines from the entire Rhône Valley?

Côtes du Rhône AOP

3

What are the principal red grapes for Côtes du Rhône-Villages?

Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah

4

What is the most planted red grape in the Southern Rhône?

Grenache

5

What is the climate of the Southern Rhône?

Mediterranean

6

What is the name of the fierce wind that blows across the Southern Rhône?

The Mistral

7

Describe the landscape of Southern Rhône.

Garrigue: low rolling hills, scrubland, wild resinous herbs.

8

What are "pudding stones"?

Also called galets, they are round rocks made of quartzite that were smoothed and deposited by post-ice age glacial melt. They are most commonly associated with the vineyards in Châteauneuf-du-Pape.

9

What benefit do galets give to the vineyards of Châteauneuf-du-Pape?

They store heat and release it to warm the vines at night

10

What wine is famously produced from every authorized varietal of Châteauneuf-du-Pape?

Beaucastel Rouge

11

What is the minimum potential alcohol strength for Châteauneuf-du-Pape?

12.5%

12

Which AOPs share the highest minimum potential alcohol strength for red wines in France?

Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Gigondas, Vacqueyras, Beaumes-de-Venise, and Vinsobres

13

What process do the producers of Châteauneuf-du-Pape have as a safeguard against under-ripeness?

AOP regulations mandate that producers declassify or discard at least 2% of the harvested grapes (le rapé)

14

Who released the first estate-bottled Chateauneuf-du-Pape? What vintage?

Château La Nerthe, 1785

15

What does the papal crest embossed on the shoulder of a Châteauneuf-du-Pape indicate?

The wine was estate bottled

16

In what year did Gigondas receive AOP status?

1971

17

What style of wines can Gigondas AOP produce?

Red and rosé

18

In what year did Vacqueyras receive AOP status?

1990

19

What styles of wine can be produced in Vacqueyras?

Majority red but a small amount of white and rosé

20

In what year did Beaumes-de-Venise receive AOP status?

2005

21

In what year did Vinsobres receive AOP status?

2006

22

What styles of wine can be produced in Lirac AOP?

Red, white, and rosé

23

Which AOP was the doorway to France's phylloxera incursion? In what year?

Lirac, 1863

24

What style of wines can be produced in Tavel AOP?

Rosé

25

Which two appellations exist for the vin doux naturel style of wine in the Southern Rhône?

Rasteau AOP and Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise AOP

26

Which co-operative produces 90% of the wines labeled Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise AOP?

Vignerons de Beaumes-de-Venise

27

Rasteau vin doux naturel wines may be red, white, and rosé based on which grapes?

Grenache: Blanc, Gris, and Noir

28

What does ambré and tuilé indicate in Rasteau AOP?

White and red VDN wines that display a more oxidative character and are subject to at least three years of aging prior to release. This terminology was adopted from Rivesaltes producers in 2011.

29

What does Hors d'age mean in Rasteau AOP?

It refers to red and white VDN wines that have matured for at least five years prior to release.

30

Define Rasteau AOP rancio wines

A deliberately oxidative and maderized style in which the wine is left in open barrels, exposed to the ravages of sunlight and temperature.

31

What is the northernmost appellation in Southern Rhône?

Grignan-les-Adhémar AOP

32

What was the privious name of Grignan-les-Adhémar and why and when was it changed?

Hoping to rebound sales and avoid an unsavory association with the troubled Tricastin nuclear plant, the producers of Côtes de Tricastin successfully rebranded in 2010.

33

When did the INAO transfer oversight of Costières de Nîmes AOP to officials in the Rhône Valley? Where was it previously an appellation?

2004, it was previously in Languedoc

34

What is the single-commune appellation within Costières de Nîmes AOP?

Clairette de Bellegarde AOP

35

What are the AOPs of Southern Rhône Valley?

Beaumes-de-Venise, Côtes de Vivarais, Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Clairette de Bellegarde, Costières de Nîmes, Côtes du Rhône-Villages, Duché d'Uzès, Gigondas, Grignan-les-Adhémar, Lirac, Luberon, Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise, Rasteau, Tavel, Vacqueyras, Ventoux, Vinsobres

36

In what year did Grignan-les-Adhémar receive AOP status?

1973 (as Coteaux de Tricastin AOC)

37

What is the assemblage for Blanc, Rosé, and Rouge wines from Grignan-les-Adhémar AOP?

Blanc: Bourboulenc and Clairette may not exceed a combined 50% of the blend.
Rosé: principle varieties form the majority of the blend, and white varieties may not exceed 20%.
Rouge: principle varieties form the majority of the blend, and white varieties may not exceed 10%.

38

What is the minimum potential alcohol strength for Grignan-les-Adhémar AOP?

11%

39

What is the assemblage for wines in Beaumes-de-Venise AOP?

Grenache Noir and Syrah must constitute the majority of the blend.

40

In what year did Côtes du Vivarais receive AOP status?

1999

41

What is the assemblage for wines in Côtes du Vivarais AOP?

Blanc: per encépagement.
Rouge: min. 40% Syrah, min. 30% Grenache.
Rosé: 60-80% Grenache

42

What is the minimum potential alcohol strength for Côtes du Vivarais AOP?

11%

43

In what year did Châteauneuf-du-Pape receive AOP status?

1936

44

In what year did Clairette de Bellegarde receive AOP status?

1949

45

What is the minimum potential alcohol strength in Clairette de Bellegarde AOP?

11%

46

In what year did Costières de Nîmes receive AOP status?

1986 (as Costières du Gard; renamed in 1989 to Costières de Nîmes)

47

What is the assemblage for wines in Costières de Nîmes AOP?

Blanc: min. 2 varieties, with principle varieties accounting for at least 60% of the blend. Max. 20% Viognier
Rosé/Rouge: min. 2 varieties, with principle varieties accounting for at least 50% of the blend. Max. 10% Marselan

48

In what year was Côtes du Rhône-Villages receive AOP status?

1966

49

What is the assemblage for wines in Côtes du Rhône-Villages AOP?

Blanc: min. 50% principle varieties
Rosé/Rouge: min. 50% Grenache, and at least one of the complementary varieties must be present in the blend.

50

What is the minimum potential alcohol strength for wines in Côtes du Rhône-Villages AOP?

Blanc/Rosé: 12%
Rouge with sub zone designation: 12.5%

51

In what year did Duché d'Uzès receive AOP status?

2013

52

What is the assemblage for wines in Gigondas AOP?

Min. 50% Grenache, plus at least one of the two complementary varieties (Mourvèdre and/or Syrah)
* the obligatory presence of Mourvèdre and/or Syrah in the rosé wine is mandatory only from the 2014 harvest forward

53

What is the minimum potential alcohol strength in Duché d'Uzès AOP?

12%

54

In what year did Lirac receive AOP status?

1947

55

What is the assemblage for wines in Lirac AOP?

For all Blanc and rouge wines, accessory varieties may not account for more than 10% of the blend. For rosé wines, accessory varieties may not account for more than 20% of the blend.

56

What is the minimum potential alcohol strength for wines in Lirac AOP?

Rouge: 12.5%
Blanc/Rosé: 12%

57

In what year did Luberon receive AOP status?

1988 (as Côtes do Luberon)

58

What is the assemblage for wines in Luberon AOP?

At least 2 grapes must be present in the blend, and principle varieties must compose the majority of the blend.

59

What is the minimum potential alcohol strength for wines in Luberon AOP?

Blanc/Rosé: 11.5%
Rouge: 12%

60

In what year did Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise receive AOP status?

1945

61

What styles of wine are produced in Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise AOP?

Vin Doux Naturel Blanc
Vin Doux Naturel Rouge
Vin Doux Naturel Rosé

62

What is the assemblage for wines in Muscat de Beaumes-de-Benise AOP?

For rosé Vin Doux Naturel, both colors of Muscat are allowed in the blend.

63

What is the minimum potential alcohol for wines in Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise AOP?

21.5% (15% acquired)

64

In what year did Rasteau receive AOP status?

1944 (Rouge added in 2010)

65

What styles of wine are produced in Rasteau AOP?

Vin Doux Naturel Blanc, Vin Doux Naturel Ambré (Tawny Blanc), Vin Doux Naturel Grenat and Tuilé (Rouge), Vin Doux Naturel Rosé, Vin Doux Naturel "Hors d'Age", Vin Diux Naturel "Rancio", and Rouge

66

What is the assemblage for wines in Rasteau AOP?

Rouge: the blend must be composed primarily of the principle variety and at least one complementary variety.
VDN: per encépagement

67

In what year did Tavel receive AOP status?

1936

68

What is the assemblage for wines in Tavel AOP?

Grenache Noir must be present in the blend

69

What is the minimum potential alcohol strength in Tavel AOP?

11.5%

70

What is the assemblage for wines in Vacqueyras AOP?

Red wines must include at least 50% Grenache and at least one complementary variety

71

What is the minimum potential alcohol strength for wines in Vacqueyras AOP?

Rouge: 12.5%
Blanc/Rosé: 12%

72

In what year did Ventoux receive AOP status?

1973 (as Côtes du Ventoux)

73

What is the assemblage for wines in Ventoux AOP?

Principle grapes are in the majority, and all wines must be a blend of at least two varieties.

74

What is the minimum potential alcohol for wines in Ventoux AOP?

Blanc/Rosé: 11.5%
Rouge: 12%

75

In what year did Vinsobres receive AOP status?

2006

76

What is the assemblage for wines in Vinsobres AOP?

Min. 50% Grenache, and at least one complementary variety must be present in the blend.

77

Which Southern Rhone AOPs produce red wine only?

Vinsobres, Beaumes-de-Venise, and Rasteau (also VDN)

78

Which Southern Rhone AOPs produce red and rose wines?

Gigondas

79

Which Southern Rhone AOPs produce rose only?

Tavel

80

Which Southern Rhone AOPs produce red and white wines?

Chateauneuf-du-Pape

81

Which Southern Rhone AOPs produce only white wine?

Clairette de Bellegarde

82

Which Southern Rhone AOPs produce vin doux naturels?

Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise and Rasteau

83

Which Southern Rhone AOPs produce red, white, and rose wines?

Vacqueyars, Lirac, Grignan-les-Adhemar, Cotes du Vivarais, Cotes du Rhone, Cotes du Rhone-Villages, Costieres de Nimes, Luberon, Ventoux, Duche d'Uzes

84

When did the papal seat move to Avignon? Who was pope?

1309, Pope Clement V

85

Which pope is credited with developing a papal vineyard at Chateauneuf-du-Pape?

Pope John XXII, successor of Pope Clement V

86

When was the papal seat removed from Avignon?

1378

87

In what year did Chateauneuf-du-Pape cease to be under the papacy ownership?

1791

88

Who is credited with creating a written set of rules that became the start of the AOC system? In what year?

Baron Le Roy of Ch Fortia in 1923

89

Which Southern Rhone AOPs have a minimum potential alcohol of 12.5%?

Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Beaumes-de-Venise, Cotes du Rhone-Villages with subzone designation, Gigondas, Vinsobres, Lirac rouge, Rasteau rouge, Vacqueyras rouge

90

Which Southern Rhone AOPs have a minimum potential alcohol of 12%?

Cotes du Rhone-Villages, Duche d'Uzes, Luberon rouge, Ventoux rouge, Lirac blanc/rose, Vacqueyras blanc/rose

91

Which Southern Rhone AOPs have a minimum potential alcohol of 11.5%?

Costieres de Nimes, Tavel, Luberon blanc/rose, Ventoux blanc/rose

92

Which Southern Rhone AOPs have a minimum potential alcohol of 11%?

Cotes du Vivarais, Cotes du Rhone, Clairette de Bellegarde, Grignan-les-Adhemar