Flashcards in The Stages of Attachment Deck (13):
Name the stages of attachment
Who proposed the stages of attachment?
Schaffer (& Emerson)
Describe the asocial stage
Respond equally to caregivers and objects
Demonstrate reciprocity and interactional synchrony
Describe the indiscriminate attachment stage
Preference for people
No stranger anxiety
Accept care from anyone
Describe the discriminate attachment stage
May start to show stranger anxiety
Specific attachment formed
Describe the multiple attachment stage
Baby can form several attachments
What type of study was Schaffer and Emerson's study?
What was the sample of Schaffer and Emerson's study?
60 Glasgow babies
Describe Schaffer and Emerson's study
Mothers were interviewed about the intensity of different behaviours their child showed in different everyday situations.
Stranger anxiety towards the researcher was also measured.
Explain the findings of Schaffer and Emerson's study
The findings supported the stages.
At 6-8 months, 50% showed separation anxiety
9-10 months, 80% had specific attachment, 30% formed multiple attachments
Strengths of Schaffer and Emerson's research
high internal validity - longitudinal study - shows how attachments DEVELOP
Weakness of Schaffer and Emerson's research
Cultural bias (ethnocentric)
Qualitative techniques used e.g. interviews.
Social desirability may have been a problem
Researcher is no longer a stranger at the end of the experiment, so could lack internal validity when measuring stranger anxiety