Flashcards in The Stones, Joplin, Hendrix and Singer-Songwriters Deck (68):
When did the "British Invasion" occur?
What is Merseybeat?
A style of music developed in Liverpool that blended rockabilly, pop, and R&B.
What are three examples of Merseybeat groups?
1. Gerry and the Pacemakers.
2. Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas.
3. Peter and Gordon.
What is a song by Gerry and the Pacemakers?
"Ferry Cross the Mersey".
What is London Blues and the British Art School Scene?
A style that blended rockabilly, pop, R&B, and blues, but each had recognizably unique styles within their hybrid forms.
What are four examples of British Art School Scene groups?
1. The Kinks.
2. The Who.
3. The Yardbirds.
4. The Rolling Stones.
What are some characteristic features of The Kinks' music?
Incorporated proto-heavy metal in some of their music, and employed ironic and detached personae in their lyrical content.
What are some techniques that exemplify the use of proto-heavy metal incorporated in some of The Kinks' music?
Primal riffs and highly distorted electric guitar.
What is the name of a song by The Kinks?
"All Day and All of the Night".
Who was the leader of The Who?
Songwriter Pete Townshend.
The Who was closely associated with the ___.
Mods was a...
London subculture with strong ties to American R&B, motor scooters, "smart clothes," and amphetamines.
The Who can be considered one of the first bands to practice ___ ___.
The Who's stage act often incorporated highly ___ violence, which often resulted in destroying their own equipment.
What is a rock opera?
A theatrical performance of a plot with rock music.
What is the plot of Tommy?
Tommy's dad goes off to war. When he comes back, he finds his wife with another man, and ends up killing that man. Tommy's mom brainwashes Tommy into thinking that he heard or saw nothing, making him deaf, blind, and dumb. Tommy is teased, molested, and even given acid. One day, he realizes his potential as a leader when looking into a mirror smashed by his mother, he starts a religious movement. The movement fails, and Tommy retreats inwards again.
Give an example of a rock opera and its artist.
Tommy by The Who.
The Yardbirds are renowned for pumping out famous guitarists such as...
Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, and Jimmy Page.
Who was the most famous band to come out of the British Art School Scene?
The Rolling Stones.
How did the Beatles influence the music of The Rolling Stones?
The Rolling Stones incorporated the use of strings, use of the sitar, and the influence and allusion to psychedelia popularized by the Beatles.
After 1967, The Rolling Stones began to...
Develop their own unique brand of hard rock.
The Rolling Stones started out writing their own music. True or false?
Who was the lead singer of The Rolling Stones?
Mick Jagger. `
What are some influenced to San Francisco and Psychedelic Rock?
-20th Century Modernism.
-"Stream of Consciousness" Writing.
-Surrealism and Expressionism (Salvador Dali).
The musical style of psychedelic rock was heavily influenced by the improvisations found in ___, ___, and ___ ___ ___ ___, particularly...
Jazz, blues, South Asian classical music. The Hindustani tradition.
What are the two examples of the earliest songs that were associated with psychedelic rock music?
"Eight Miles High" by The Byrds and "Tomorrow Never Knows" by The Beatles.
Techniques from ___ ___ and the ___ ___ scene both filtered into psychedelic rock.
Musique concrete, avant garde.
What techniques did psychedelic rock borrow from the musique concrete and avant garde scene?
The incorporation of external recordings and an increase in overall dissonance.
What is the avant garde?
People or works that are experimental or innovative, particularly with respect to art, culture, and politics.
What is musique concrete?
A form of electroacoustic music that is made in part from acoustic sound.
Musique concrete can feature sounds derived from recordings of ___ ___, ___, and ___ ___ as well as those created using ___ and ___ ___ ___ ___ ___.
Musical instruments, voice, natural environment. Synthesizers, computer-based digital signal processing.
Compositions in musique concrete are/aren't restricted to the rational musical rules of melody, harmony, rhythm, meter, and so on.
Artists and fans of psychedelic rock often used what drug?
Psychedelic rock was odd, as the psychedelic rock scene...
Showed up before artists had recorded songs.
What was the name of the Jefferson Airplane album and song studied in class?
Surrealist Pillow, "White Rabbit".
What are some characteristics of The Grateful Dead?
-Attention to detail for instruments.
-Link to the Hells Angels.
-What audience members were like?
The Grateful Dead, unlike The Beatles...
Continuously played live gigs.
Who was known as the "Godfathers of the Jam Band?"
The Grateful Dead.
The musical style of The Grateful Dead was ___ organized than jazz, and more ___.
Who was known as "the best white blues singer of all time?"
What was the band that Janis Joplin gained her fame from?
A San Francisco psychedelic rock band Big Brother and the Holding Company.
What was Janis Joplin's first major single?
"Piece of My Heart."
Janis Joplin identified herself as what kind of singer?
Not blues, not jazz, just a "chick."
Janis Joplin is part of which club?
Jimi Hendrix started out playing as a guitarist for ___ ___ and ___ ___.
Little Richard, Wilson Pickett.
What are some techniques used often by Jimi Hendrix?
Distortion, sustain, feedback, wah wah pedal, and fuzz tones.
Jimi Hendrix is known as the first to use the electric guitar as...
A unique electric instrument, rather than as an amplified guitar.
Both Hendrix and Joplin performed at the ___ ___ Festival in 1967.
Hendrix was known for his ___ stage performances and ___ playing style.
Give examples of Hendrix's extravagant playing style.
Playing behind his head, with the guitar upside down, using his teeth, etc.
What are some of Hendrix's musical influences?
Blues, R&B, psychedelic rock, and Bob Dylan.
How did Bob Dylan influence the music of Jimi Hendrix?
Hendrix covered some of Dylan's songs, which Dylan said he liked better than the original. Hendrix also liked Dylan's layered, deep lyrical content ("The Wind Cries Mary").
What gained Hendrix the attention as a politically motivated singer?
His performance of "Star Spangled Banner" at the Woodstock Festival in 1969.
What images are supposedly depicted by Hendrix's performance of "Star Spangled Banner?"
Aural gestures of bombs, explosions, and war.
What are some characteristics of singer-songwriter music?
-Artists write their own and accompaniment lyrics.
-Realistic presentation of personal lyrics.
-Band arrangements based on the original piano or guitar accompaniment developed by the singer-songwriter.
-Politically motivated lyrics were still written but personal afflictions with specific causes were less common.
-Typically solo artists who employed additional musicians as necessary.
-Introspective, intimate, mature, autobiographical, softer, gentle.
In singer-songwriter music, artists wrote...
Their own and accompaniment music and lyrics.
In singer-songwriter music, there was a ___ presentation of personal lyrics.
In singer-songwriter music, the band arrangements were based on the...
Original piano or guitar accompaniment developed by the singer-songwriter.
In singer-songwriter music, politically motivated lyrics were..., but personal afflictions with specific causes were...
Still written, less common.
In singer-songwriter music, it was usually a single artist who employed...
Additional musicians as necessary.
Who were the 4 big names in the singer-songwriter music scene in the 1970's?
1. Carole King.
2. Joni Mitchell.
3. James Taylor.
4. Carly Simon.
Who was Carole King?
Developed as an artist working as a songwriter in the Brill building in New York.
___ ___ collaborated frequently with James Taylor.
What was the name of the song (including the album name) released by Carole King in 1971?
"So Far Away," from Tapestry.
What were Joni Mitchell and James Taylor tied to?
Both held strong ties to the folk revival movement.
What was Carly Simon known for?
More mainstream pop and Broadway influences.
Joni Mitchell was known as the...
"Queen of Autobiography"