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Flashcards in The theater and the poor Deck (25):
1

Who were the gentry?

People who had no title but had status and power based on their wealth

2

How did the rise of the gentry effect England?

More manor houses were developed and fashions began to change

3

How many theaters were there in
England in 1559?

0

4

What law was passed against actors in
1572 and why ?

That actors were to be punished as vagabonds as they were immoral people who caused trouble wherever they went

5

In what year was the first Theatre
opened

1576

6

Name three theatres

The Rose, The Swan and The Globe

7

How were Elizabethan theatres designed

There was an uncovered circular pit with surrounding covered galleries

8

Name one famous playwrights

William Shakespeare

9

Name a famous actor

Richard Burbage

10

Why did the rich like the theatre?

It was a chance to have an exciting night out — often theatres were built in areas with a bad reputation
They could be entertained but could do so while being separated from the poor

11

Why did the poor like the theatre

Because it was cheap and they were often built in poor areas, so it was close to where they live.

12

Who disliked the Theatre and why

Puritans — they thought it encourage immoral behavior

13

Why did Elizabeth and her government
support the theatre after initially disliking it?

London had a population of 200,000
1,600 -- entertainment kept them occupied and less likely to rebel

A plays content could be policed so that present the Queen and her government in a positive way

14

Which Play presented the Tudors
including Elizabeth in a positive way?

Richard Ill

15

What was the Great Chain of Being?

The idea that everything and everyone had a correct place in the world and that if this was challenged it would lead to chaos


16

What were 2 causes of Poverty

The population rose by 43% between 1550 and 1600. Things like food and jobs became more difficult to get causing poverty.
Prices went up but wages stayed the same meaning people had less money

17

Why did poverty become worse in the
1593?

Because there were poor harvest 1593-97 meaning there was less food and increasing prices.

18

Why did poverty' become a more
serious issue in Elizabethan England?

The monasteries had been closed by Henry VIII and this is where most of the poor were looked after meaning there was no one to look after them and nowhere to go.

19

Which group of poor people were seen
to deserve help

The impotent poor - those unable to provide for themselves because they were too young, too old or too ill.

20

Which group of poor people were seen
to be NOT deserving of help

The idle poor- vagabonds, those who were fit to work but chose not to and committed crimes.

21

How did local government deal with the
poor?

In Norwich Alms (money for the poor) was collected and work was provided them in the workhouse (a house where people worked)

22

What was the Elizabethan Poor law

The governments solution to the problem of poverty

23

When was the Poor Law passed

1597

24

How did the Elizabethan Poor Law work?

A "poor rate was collected (a tax) and this paid for the workhouse and relief payments for the deserving poor"

25

How successful was the Poor Law?

Success it helped preserve the social order and there were no rebellions

Less successful - Poverty continued to increase even
after the Poor law was introduced