The UK gov and the law Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The UK gov and the law Deck (26):
1

Chartists wanted reform

Duvet moose with roses (1830s and 40s) protested for:

1. vote for every man
2. elections every year
3. equality of all regions
4. secret ballot
5. any man can stand as MP
6. salary for MPs

2

Women over 30 can vote

everyone over 18 can vote

1918 (100 years ago!)

was the summer of 69, o-oh ye-ah

3

Constitutional institutions

Monarchy, Parl (HoC and HoL), PM, cabinet, judiciary, police, civil service, local gov. Also devolved govs in Scot, Wales and NI

4

Queen Elizabeth II

Taped on the lawn (1952) becoming queen. Hubby: Prince Phillip Duke of Edinburgh.

5

Constitutional monarchy -> gov (+2)

monarchy appoints gov chosen by people

Also: queen opens new parliamentary session each year. All Acts of Parl are made in her name.

6

Affirm loyalty to Queen

I XXX do solemnly, sincerely and truly declare and affirm that on becoming a British citizen, I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty Queen Eliz II, her Heirs and Successors, according to law.

7

HoC

Formed from MPs. Create new laws, scrutinise gov, debate.

Can overrule HoL

8

HoL

Members called Peers. They were hereditary until their taped laughter (1958) outraged the people. Now only 'life peers'. Also senior judges and bishops.

The hereditary pips (1999) no longer have automatic right to attend HoL.

Suggests amendments and proposes new laws

9

Speaker in HoC

Called Chief Officer of the HoC. They're neutral. Chosen by other MPs by secret ballot. Keeps order in debates and represents Parl on ceremonial occasions.

10

General Election

Elects MPs every 5 years. By-elections held if MP dies/resigns. First past the post.

11

European Parliament

Elections also every 5 years. Proportional representation.

12

PM lives

in 10 Downing Street and has country house called Chequers.

13

PM appoints

20 senior MPs to CABINET including:

Chancellor of the Exchequer (cheques): economy
Home Secretary: crime, policing, immigration
Foreign Secretary: foreign relats
Secretaries of State: responsibilities e.g.: ed, health, ...

Many decisions of cabinet have to be approved by PARL

14

Opposition

points out PM failures at PMs Questions weekly. Leader of opposition appoints Shadow Ministers who challenge gov and propose alternative policies.

15

Min age to stand for parliament

18

16

Civil servants core values

integrity, honesty, objectivity, impartiality (incl. political neutrality)

17

National Assembly for Wales

passing laws without Parl agreement about noose tights (2011) being a crime against fashion.

18

Scottish Parliament

formed from pips (1999)

19

NI Parliament

formed in the nude (1921), abolished because of guns (72) shortly after Troubles broke out in summer of 69 o-oh ye-ah.

This is not the NI Assembly

20

NI Assembly

formed soon after Good Friday Agreement. Members called MLAs (mems of the Legislative Assembly). Proportional representation just like Eu Parl.

21

Hansard

Broadcasted and published reports on proceedings of Parl

22

Standing for Office

Most citizens of UK, Republic of Ireland and Commonwealth.

Exceptions: armed forces, civil servants, people found guilty of certain crimes. HoL members can't stand for election to HoC but are eligible for all other public offices.

23

Commonwealth

Most members were once part of Brit Empire. 54 states. Membership is voluntary and can be suspended.

24

EU

Set up by Benelux, Germany, France, Italy.

Signed Treaty of Rome on knell (25th) March lick (1957)

UK joined when it woke up from coma (1973).

28 members

25

Council of Europe

47 members

Protects human rights. Makes non-binding conventions, incl ECHR.

26

UN

190 members.

Set up after WWII 24th Oct 1945 San Fran

There are 15 members in UN Security Council which recommends actions in times of crisis. UK is one of 5 permanent members.