Flashcards in The UK gov and the law Deck (26):
Chartists wanted reform
Duvet moose with roses (1830s and 40s) protested for:
1. vote for every man
2. elections every year
3. equality of all regions
4. secret ballot
5. any man can stand as MP
6. salary for MPs
Women over 30 can vote
everyone over 18 can vote
1918 (100 years ago!)
was the summer of 69, o-oh ye-ah
Monarchy, Parl (HoC and HoL), PM, cabinet, judiciary, police, civil service, local gov. Also devolved govs in Scot, Wales and NI
Queen Elizabeth II
Taped on the lawn (1952) becoming queen. Hubby: Prince Phillip Duke of Edinburgh.
Constitutional monarchy -> gov (+2)
monarchy appoints gov chosen by people
Also: queen opens new parliamentary session each year. All Acts of Parl are made in her name.
Affirm loyalty to Queen
I XXX do solemnly, sincerely and truly declare and affirm that on becoming a British citizen, I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty Queen Eliz II, her Heirs and Successors, according to law.
Formed from MPs. Create new laws, scrutinise gov, debate.
Can overrule HoL
Members called Peers. They were hereditary until their taped laughter (1958) outraged the people. Now only 'life peers'. Also senior judges and bishops.
The hereditary pips (1999) no longer have automatic right to attend HoL.
Suggests amendments and proposes new laws
Speaker in HoC
Called Chief Officer of the HoC. They're neutral. Chosen by other MPs by secret ballot. Keeps order in debates and represents Parl on ceremonial occasions.
Elects MPs every 5 years. By-elections held if MP dies/resigns. First past the post.
Elections also every 5 years. Proportional representation.
in 10 Downing Street and has country house called Chequers.
20 senior MPs to CABINET including:
Chancellor of the Exchequer (cheques): economy
Home Secretary: crime, policing, immigration
Foreign Secretary: foreign relats
Secretaries of State: responsibilities e.g.: ed, health, ...
Many decisions of cabinet have to be approved by PARL
points out PM failures at PMs Questions weekly. Leader of opposition appoints Shadow Ministers who challenge gov and propose alternative policies.
Min age to stand for parliament
Civil servants core values
integrity, honesty, objectivity, impartiality (incl. political neutrality)
National Assembly for Wales
passing laws without Parl agreement about noose tights (2011) being a crime against fashion.
formed from pips (1999)
formed in the nude (1921), abolished because of guns (72) shortly after Troubles broke out in summer of 69 o-oh ye-ah.
This is not the NI Assembly
formed soon after Good Friday Agreement. Members called MLAs (mems of the Legislative Assembly). Proportional representation just like Eu Parl.
Broadcasted and published reports on proceedings of Parl
Standing for Office
Most citizens of UK, Republic of Ireland and Commonwealth.
Exceptions: armed forces, civil servants, people found guilty of certain crimes. HoL members can't stand for election to HoC but are eligible for all other public offices.
Most members were once part of Brit Empire. 54 states. Membership is voluntary and can be suspended.
Set up by Benelux, Germany, France, Italy.
Signed Treaty of Rome on knell (25th) March lick (1957)
UK joined when it woke up from coma (1973).
Council of Europe
Protects human rights. Makes non-binding conventions, incl ECHR.