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Flashcards in The UK's evolving human landscape Deck (25)
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1

What is rural settlements?

Settlements with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants

2

What is conurbation?

When a city has expanded outwards and absorbed smaller settlements that used to be separate

3

What is the urban core?

The central part of a conurbation: high population density

4

What is the urban fringe?

The settlement areas around the edge of the urban core: lower density

5

What is population density?

The number of people per square kilometre

6

Where do many people who live in rural areas work?

Urban areas

7

What do people who work in rural areas work in?

The primary sector: fishing, forestry, agriculture

8

In 1961 what percentage of people living the UK who were born in another country?

3%

9

In 2015 what percentage of people living the UK were born in a different country?

13%

10

In 2015 how many people living in the UK were born in another country?

8million

11

What is the current UK government policy aiming to reduce the level of migration to?

1million per year

12

What is the UK apart of that restricts the UK from stopping/reducing migration?

EU

13

How is the UK planning to reduce migration?

To make immigration by non-EU migrants more difficult

14

Where are the top 5 places immigrants comes from?

India
Poland
Pakistan
Ireland
Germany

15

What are immigrants usually and why is this bad?

Young so therefore they are likely to have children

16

What economic changes has there been in the UK?

There has been a big growth in tertiary and quaternary industry

17

Why was there a decline in the coal industry in the UK?

Even though coal is still a very important fuel it is cheaper to import from other countries

18

What replaced the coal mines and why is this bad?

New service industries have grown, such as warehouses however they pay much less than what the coal miner had been earning

19

What is globalisation?

The process by which trade and investment build more and more connections between countries

20

What is foreign direct investment (FDI)?

When people in one country invest in businesses in another country to extent that they gain significant control over how those businesses run

21

What is transnational corporation (TNCs)?

Businesses run from one country that have control over enterprises in other countries

22

How has globalisation increased FDI in the UK?

Globalisation is strong in banking an finance because money can be moved electronically around the world so London is a global centre for finance

23

How has trade deals increased FDI in the UK?

Trade deals with developed and emerging countries make imports and exports cheaper and easier and create UK jobs

24

How has the EU increased FDI in the UK?

The EU encourages free trade between member states and sets up good trade deals for the whole EU with other countries

25

How has the UK government increased FDI in the UK?

UK governments have encouraged FDI by privatising industries and allowing foreign companies to buy them