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Flashcards in Theme 2 Deck (33):

Who is Sallie McFague?

An American Theologian


What perspective does McFague write from?

An ecofeminist perspective


What is McFague's book called?

Metaphorical Theology: Models of God in Religious Language


What does McFague argue?

That all language about God is metaphorical


What does McFague say about names and titles about God?

That names and titles are simply ways in which we think about God and say very little about God's true nature


What does McFague say the problem with metaphors in the bible are?

They are turned into idols and we end up worshiping the metaphor instead of God


What does McFague want to provide?

New metaphors for understanding God in ways that are meaningful today


What is McFague saying about using the metaphor 'God as a mother'

She is not saying that God is a mother (or even female) but that the image of 'mother' highlights certain characteristics of God (such as love for the world)


How does McFague develop a metaphor of the world?

As God's body


What does McFague go on to do?

Develop three metaphors for God's relationship with the world.


What does McFague's metaphors correspond to?

Correspond to three Christian doctrines, three ethical elements, and three types of love


What is McFague's first metaphor?

-Mother: corresponding to the traditional title 'Father'.
-the ethical element of justice
-Shows agape love, the type of love God has for the world


What is McFague's second metaphor?

-Lover: corresponding to the traditional title 'Son'
-the ethical element of healing and eros (the way in which God's love works in the world)


What is McFague's third metaphor?

Friend: Corresponding to the traditional title 'Spirit'
-the ethical element of companionship and philia (the way in which humans should interact in the world)


What does McFague say the masculine language conveying God's sovereign rule lead to?

Led to the abuse of the natural world and the domination of women by men


What does McFague say about God being called 'Mother'?

If God is called Mother, it follows that the world is no longer ruled over by God, but is part of God's body or womb.


What does McFague say to harm nature does?

To harm nature is to harm God?


What is the belief "to harm nature is to harm God" called?



What does McFague argue about the images of God?

Maternal images of God (giving birth, nursing, comforting, and caring) highlight humanity's complete reliance on God


What point does McFague stress about how God should be imagined?

God should be imagined in female terms not feminine terms


Why does McFague say God should be imagined in female terms instead of feminine terms?

'The first refers to gender while the second refers to qualities conventionally associated with women...thus the feminine side of God is taken to comprise the tender, nurturing, passive aspects of divine activities, where as those activities in which God creates and redeems, are called masculine'


What does traditional christianity proclaim about?

The Impassibility of God


What is impassibility?

having no human emotions


What does impassibility assert?

That God is unable to experience emotion or suffering or pain, therefore has no feelings that are analogous to human feelings


What does impassibility relate to?

Closely relates to God's immutability


What is immutability?

God's unchanging nature


What does the Old Testament reveal about God?

He is omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent. Nothing can cause a change in his inner emotional state.


What does the New Testament reveal about God

That he has become incarnate inJesus


What is Jesus in his human nature?

Passible, he is able to feel emotion and pain, especially on the cross


How does Jesus being passible not affect the impassibility of his Divine nature?

It has always been God's plan to overcome the suffering with the resurrection


Who is Jurgen Moltmann?

German theologian


What does Moltmann argue?

In his book The Crucified God, he argued that God suffers with humanity


What does Moltmann maintain?

That in the cross of Chirst, God experienced death. The cross therefore is of great importance, not just for humankind, but for God