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Flashcards in theology Deck (55):
1

a firm attitude, stable disposition and habitual disposition of our intellect and will that regulates our actions, directs our passion, and guides our conduct according to reason and faith

Virtue

2

A bad habit such as laziness that inclines us to do evil

Vice

3

A prayer candle placed before a statue of Jesus or Mary that is lit for a prayer intention

Votive Candle

4

The mystery from Christ's life in which God's glory shone through and transformed Jesus' physical appearance while he was in the company of the OT prophets; Elijah, Moses. Peter, James and John witnessed this event

Transfiguration

5

Actual sins that weaken and wound our relationship with God but do not destroy divine life in our souls

Venial Sins

6

a term that means lying behind the ordinary range of perception, because of this concept in God, he can not be seen as he is, unless he reveals his mystery to our contemplation

transcendance

7

a favorite teaching device of Jesus in which he told a short story with a striking memorable comparison that taught a religious message, usually about some aspect of God's Kingdom

Parable

8

the Second Coming of Christ when the Lord will judge the living and dead

Parousia

9

the individuals judgement immediately after death when Christ will rule on one's eternal destiny to be spent in Heaven, Purgatory if needed, or in Hell

Particular Judgement

10

saints that are chosen as special intercessors or protectors for our lives

patron saints

11

an unsubstantiated or preformed judgement about an individual or group

prejudice

12

the state of purification that takes place after death for those who need to be made clean and holy before meeting God in Heaven

Purgatory

13

the presence of Jesus in the consecrated species of bread and wine

real presence

14

the relationship between God and humans that results in a body of beliefs and a set of practices: creed, cult, and code. it expresses itself in worship and service to God and by extension to all people and creation

religion

15

a serious violation of God's law of love that results in the loss of God's life (sanctifying grace) in the soul of the sinner. To do this, there must be grave matter, full knowledge of the evil done, and deliberate consent

mortal sin

16

the latin title for the canticle of Mary in Luke 1:46-55

Magnificat

17

a style of Christian life that stresses communal living and worship along with private prayer, silence, poverty, chastity, and obedience

monasticism

18

an essential part of the celebration of the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist that draws on readings from the O&NT and features a reading from one of the gospels and a homily that is an exhortation to accept these readings as the word of God

liturgy of the word

19

the official daily prayer of the church, also known as the Divine Office; the prayer offers prayers, scripture and reflections at regular intervals throughout the day

Liturgy of the Hours

20

from the Latin word "letania" meaning prayer or supplication, it is a form of prayer used in liturgies that include prayers with responses

litany

21

literally "Divine Reading" this is a prayerful way to read the Bible or any other sacred writings

lectio divina

22

the holy spirit's grace that cleanses us from our sins through faith in Jesus Christ and Baptism, it makes us right with God

justification

23

a prayer that may have originated with the desert fathers in the fifth century, it is a short formulaic prayer that is said repeatedly

Jesus prayer

24

stories in the gospels of Matthew & Luke about the early life of Jesus

infancy narratives

25

the belief that Mary was conceived without Original Sin, Dec 8

Immaculate Conception

26

a prayer devotion made for 40 continuous hours in which the Blessed Sacrament is exposed, begins with a solemn mass of exposition which concludes with the exposition of the Blessed Sacrament and a procession, the 40 hours models the time Jesus spent in the tomb from Death until Resurrection

40 Hours Devotion

27

vows of personal poverty, chastity, and obedience to the demands of the community that those entering the consecrated life requests

evangelical counsels

28

the source and summit of christian life, one of the sacraments of Initiation, the word comes from a Greek word that means thankful, it commemorates the Last Supper at which Jesus gave his body & blood in bread & wine and the Lord's sacrificial death on the Cross

Eucharist

29

the study of and teaching about the "last things" (death, judgement, heaven, hell, purgatory, second coming, resurrection of body)

eschatology

30

sharing the good news, it involves proclaiming the gospel in such a way that people's hearts and lives are changed

evangelization

31

the feast that celebrates the mysteries of christ's manifestation as savior of the Lord

epiphany

32

a name for Jesus that means God-is-with-us

Emmanuel

33

a name for the Christian family in which family, parents, and children exercise their priesthood of the baptized by worshipping God receiving the sacraments and witnessing to Christ and the Church by living as faithful disciples

domestic church

34

a central truth of revelation that Catholics are obliged to believe

dogma

35

heartfelt sorrow and aversion for sins committed along with the intention of sinning no more

Contrition

36

wordless prayer by which a person's mind and heart rest in God's goodness and majesty

contemplation

37

the unity of Jesus with all those he has redeemed the Church on Earth, in heaven, and in Purgatory

communion of saints

38

the priesthood of the faithful, Christ has made the Church a kingdom of priests who share in his priesthood through the sacraments of Baptism and Confirmation

common priesthood

39

the moral virtue that enables people to integrate their sexuality into their stations in life

chastity

40

the 4 hinge virtues that support moral living (Cardinal Virtues)

justice, prudence, fortitude, and temperance

41

a name given to the Eucharist especially the consecrated elements preserved in the tabernacle for Adoration or the Anointing of the Sick

Blessed Sacrament

42

any thought, word, or act that expresses hatred or contempt for God, the Church, saints or holy things

blasphemy

43

means supreme happiness, these 8 were preached by Jesus by Sermon on the Mount which respond to our natural desire for happiness

Beatitudes

44

seeing God "face to face" in Heaven

Beatific Vision

45

the announcement of the birth of Jesus that takes place when Gabriel tells Mary that God has chosen her to be the Mother of the Lord

Annunciation

46

a story involving a sustained comparison in which people, things, and events symbolically represent something else

allegory

47

a word that means call; for Catholics the primary call is to be disciples of Jesus, this call given at Baptism requires Catholics to bring God's love to others and share Good News

Vocation

48

The capacity to choose among alternatives

free will

49

A person's most secret core and sanctuary that helps the person determine between good and evil

conscience

50

what are the corporal works of mercy

feed the hungry
give drink to the thirsty
clothe the naked
visit imprisoned
shelter homeless
visit sick
bury dead

51

what are the spiritual works of mercy?

counsel doubtful
instruct ignorant
admonish sinners
comfort afflicted
forgive offenses
bear wrongs patiently
pray for living and dead

52

theological virtues??

faith
Hope
love

53

seven gifts of the Holy Spirit?

wisdom, understanding,knowledge, counsel, fortitude, piety, and fear of the Lord

54

special gifts the Holy Spirit gives to individual Christians to build up the church

charisms

55

what are the 12 fruits of the Holy Spirit?

charity, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-control, chastity.