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Flashcards in Theory Deck 6 Deck (27)
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1

In which of these situations is it legal to not wear a seatbelt?

. When making an emergency stop

. When reversing

. When doing a start manoeuvre on a hill

. When you are in slow moving traffic

A: When reversing

2

When should you check the oil level in your engine?

. When the engine is hot

. When the engine is cold

. When the engine is warm

. When the engine is running

A: When the engine is cold

3

When should you especially check the engine oil level?

. When the engine is hot

. Early in the morning

. Before a long journey

. Every 6000 miles

A: Before a long journey

4

You’re driving at night on an unlit road, following another vehicle. What should you do?

. Flash your headlights

. Use full-beam headlights

. Switch off your headlights

. Use dipped headlights

A: Use dipped headlights

You will dazzle the driver in front of you if you use full-beam headlights

5

(See Fig. 25) You’re riding on a motorway. There’s a slow-moving vehicle ahead. On the back, you see this sign. What should you do?

. Pass on the right

. Pass on the left

. Leave at the next exit

. Drive no further

A: Pass on the left

If this vehicle is in your lane, you’ll have to move to the left. Use your mirrors and signal if necessary. When it’s safe, move into the lane on your left. You should always look well ahead so that you can spot such hazards early, giving yourself time to react safely.

6

Which sign means ‘no through road’?

. (See Fig. 26)

. (See Fig. 27)

. (See Fig. 7)

. (See Fig. 28)

A: Fig. 26

7

(See Fig. 30) You’re on a motorway. What does it mean when a red cross is displayed above the hard shoulder?

. This lane can be used if you need a rest

. Stop in this lane to answer your mobile phone

. You may use this lane as a running lane

. You shouldn't use this lane as a running lane

A: You shouldn't use this lane as a running lane

8

(See Fig. 31) You’re driving along this road. The driver on the left is reversing from a driveway. What should you do?

. Move to the opposite side of the road

. Drive through as you have priority

. Sound your horn and be prepared to stop

. Speed up and drive through quickly

A: Sound your horn and be prepared to stop

9

What's the national speed limit for cars and motorcycles on a dual carriageway?

. 70 mph

. 30 mph

. 50 mph

. 60 mph

A: 70 mph

10

Which of these signs means the end of a dual carriageway?

. (See Fig. 33)

. (See Fig. 32)

. (See Fig. 34)

. (See Fig. 35)

A: Fig. 32

11

Your vehicle has a puncture on a motorway. What should you do?

. Switch on your hazard warning lights. Stop in your lane

. Pull up on the hard shoulder. Change the wheel as quickly as possible

. Pull up on the hard shoulder. Use the emergency phone to get assistance

. Drive slowly to the next service area to get assistance

A: Pull up on the hard shoulder. Use the emergency phone to get assistance

Pull up on the hard shoulder and make your way to the nearest emergency telephone to call for assistance. Don't attempt to repair your vehicle while it's on the hard shoulder, because of the risk posed by traffic passing at high speeds.

12

Which of these is needed before you can drive legally?

. A vehicle handbook

. Proper insurance cover

. A vehicle service record

. Breakdown cover

A: Proper insurance cover

13

What does driving a vehicle with anti-lock brakes allow you to do?

. Pay less attention to the road ahead

. Steer and brake harshly at the same time

. Brake harder because it's impossible to skid

. Drive at higher speeds

A: Steer and brake harshly at the same time

If the wheels of your vehicle lock, they won't grip the road and you'll lose steering control. In good conditions, the anti-lock braking system (ABS) will prevent the wheels from locking and you'll keep control of your steering. In poor weather conditions or on loose surfaces, the ABS may be less effective.

14

When will you feel the effects of engine braking?

. When you only use the handbrake

. When you're in neutral

. When you change to a higher gear

. When you change to a lower gear

A: When you change to a lower gear

When you take your foot off the accelerator, engines have a natural resistance to turn, caused mainly by the cylinder compression. Changing to a lower gear requires the engine to turn faster and so it will have greater resistance than when it's made to turn more slowly. When going downhill, changing to a lower gear will therefore help to keep the vehicle's speed in check.

15

What will be the result of having your vehicle properly serviced?

. Better fuel economy

. Reduced insurance premiums

. Slower journey times

. Lower vehicle excise duty (road tax)

A: Better fuel economy

All vehicles need to be serviced to keep working efficiently. An efficient engine uses less fuel and produces fewer harmful emissions than an engine that's running inefficiently. Keeping the vehicle serviced to the manufacturer's schedule should also make it more reliable and reduce the chance of it breaking down.

16

What must you have when you apply to renew your vehicle excise licence?

. The vehicle's chassis number

. Valid insurance

. A valid driving licence

. The handbook

A: Valid insurance

The vehicle excise licence (road tax) can be renewed at post offices, vehicle registration offices, online or by phone. When applying, make sure you have all the relevant valid documents, including a valid MOT test certificate where applicable.

17

(See Fig. 36) What does this signal mean?

. Both trams and cars can continue

. Trams must stop

. Both trams and cars must stop

. Cars must stop

A: Trams must stop

The white light shows that trams must stop. The green light shows that other vehicles can go if the way is clear. Trams are being introduced into more cities, so you're likely to come across them and you should learn which signs apply to them.

18

(See Fig. 37) What does this sign mean?

. Trams crossing ahead

. No trams ahead

. Oncoming trams

. Trams only

A: Trams crossing ahead

This sign tells you to beware of trams. If you don't usually drive in a town where there are trams, remember to look out for them at junctions and look for tram rails, signs and signals.

19

You're on a motorway. There's a contraflow system ahead. What would you expect to find?

. Wider lanes than normal

. Lower speed limits

. Temporary traffic lights

. Speed humps

A: Lower speed limits

When approaching a contraflow system, reduce speed in good time and obey all speed limits. You may be travelling in a narrower lane than normal, with no permanent barrier between you and the oncoming traffic. Be aware that the hard shoulder may be used for traffic and the road ahead could be obstructed by slow-moving or broken-down vehicles.

20

You're in a line of traffic. The driver behind you is following very closely. What action should you take?


. Signal left and wave the following driver past

. Move over to a position just left of the centre line of the road

. Ignore the following driver and continue to travel within the speed limit

. Slow down, gradually increasing the gap between you and the vehicle in front

A: Slow down, gradually increasing the gap between you and the vehicle in front

If the driver behind is following too closely, there's a danger they'll collide with the back of your car if you stop suddenly. You can reduce this risk by slowing down and increasing the safety margin in front of you. This reduces the chance that you'll have to stop suddenly and allows you to spread your braking over a greater distance. This is an example of defensive driving.

21

What should you do when you see two elderly pedestrians about to cross the road ahead?

. Speed up to get past them quickly

. Be careful; they may misjudge your speed

. Stop and wave them across the road

. Expect them to wait for you to pass

A: Be careful; they may misjudge your speed

Older people may have impaired hearing, vision, concentration and judgement. They may also walk slowly and so could take a long time to cross the road.

22

You're at the front of a queue of traffic waiting to turn right into a side road. Why is it important to check your right mirror just before turning?

. To check for overtaking vehicles

. To look for pedestrians about to cross

. To make sure the side road is clear

. To check for emerging traffic

A: To check for overtaking vehicles

A motorcyclist could be riding along the outside of the queue. Always check your mirror before turning, as situations behind you can change in the time you've been waiting to turn.

23

What must you make sure of before you drive someone else's vehicle?

. That the vehicle owner has third-party insurance cover

. That the insurance documents are in the vehicle

. That your own vehicle has insurance cover

. That the vehicle is insured for your use

A: That the vehicle is insured for your use

Driving a vehicle without insurance cover is illegal, so be sure that, whoever's car you drive, you're insured - whether on their policy or on your own. If you need to take out insurance, it's worth comparing several quotes before you decide which insurance provider best meets your needs.

24

A person has been injured. They may be suffering from shock. What are the warning signs to look for?

. Slow pulse

. Warm dry skin

. Pale grey skin

. Flushed complexion

A: Pale grey skin

The effects of shock may not be immediately obvious. Warning signs are rapid pulse, sweating, pale grey skin and rapid shallow breathing.

25

What must a driver do at a pelican crossing when the amber light is flashing?

. Wait for the red-and-amber light before proceeding

. Always wait for the green light before proceeding

. Give way to any pedestrians on the crossing

. Signal the pedestrian to cross

A: Give way to any pedestrians on the crossing

The flashing amber light allows pedestrians already on the crossing to get to the other side before a green light shows to the traffic. Be aware that some pedestrians, such as elderly people and young children, need longer to cross. Let them do this at their own pace.

26

(See Fig.38) What does this sign mean?

. Through traffic to use left lane

. Right-hand lane closed ahead

. 11 tonne weight limit

. Right-hand lane T-junction only

A: Right-hand lane closed ahead

You should change lanes as directed by the sign. Here, the right-hand lane is closed but the left-hand and centre lanes are available. Merging in turn is recommended when it's safe and traffic is going slowly; for example, at roadworks or a road traffic incident. When vehicles are travelling at speed, this isn't advisable and you should move into the appropriate lane in good time.

27

A casualty isn’t breathing normally. Chest compressions should be given. At what rate?

. 120 per minute

. 60 per minute

. 10 per minute

. 240 per minute

A: 120 per minute