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AP Psychology > Therapy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Therapy Deck (25):
1

counterconditiong

a behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are tiggering unwanted behaviors; includes exposure therapies and aversive conditioning

2

systematic desensitization

a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-arousing stimuli; commonly used to treat phobias

3

virtual reality exposure therapy

progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears

4

aversive conditioning

a type of counter conditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol)

5

token economy

an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats

6

psychopharmacology

the study of the effect of drugs on the mind and behavior

7

antipsychotic drugs

drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorders

8

tardive dyskinesia

involuntary movement of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target certain dopamine receptors

9

antianxiety drugs

drugs used to control anxiety

10

antidepressants

drugs used to treat depression; also increasingly prescribed for anxiety; different types work by altering the availability of serotonin and norepinephrine

11

lithium

used to treat bipolar disorder

12

electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

a biomedical therapy for severly depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity

13

repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity

14

psychosurgery

surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior

15

lobotomy

a now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients; the procedure cuts the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain

16

rational emotive therapy

the theory that cognitions control our behavior and emotions; therefore changing the way we think about things will affect the way we feel and the way we behave

17

family therapy

therapy that treats the family as a system; views an individual's unwanted behavior as influenced by , or directed at, other family members

18

insight therapy

a therapy which aims to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses

19

client-centered therapy

a humanistic therapy developed by Carl Rogers in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening with a genuine, accepting, empathetic, environment to facilitate clients' growth

20

active listening

empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies

21

unconditional positive regard

a caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude which Carl Rogers believed to be conductive to developing self-awareness and self acceptance

22

psychoanalysis

Sigmun Freud's therapeutic technique; Freud believed the patients free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences--and the therapist's interpretations of them--released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight

23

interpretation

in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meaning, resistances and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight

24

resistance

in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material

25

transference

in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love hatred for a parent)