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Flashcards in Thermotherapy Deck (45)
1

humans are blank because we maintain our core temp at a constant

endotherms (thermal homeostasis)

2

warmest part of our body

core

3

movement of molecules related to temp of a subject

thermal kinetic energy

4

energy of position where molecules are attracted to each other

thermal potential energy

5

potential energy does not change unless the blank changes

phase

6

phase changes occur without a change in blank

temperature

7

amount of heat required to convert a certain unit of a solid into a similar unit of a liquid without changing temperature

latent heat of fusion

8

energy cant be created nor destroyed

first law of thermodynamics

9

amount of energy required to raise temp of material by a given number of degrees

specific heat

10

it takes blank energy to increase temperature paraffin and bone than to increase temp of water and skin

less

11

high specific heat requires blank energy to increase in temperature

high

12

water at same temp as paraffin would cause a blank

burn

13

five modes of heat transfer

conduction, convection, conversion, radiation, evaporation

14

exchange of energy between two materials at different temps due to direct collision between molecules of materials

conduction

15

subcutaneous tissues are heated by blank through adjacent layers

conduction

16

metal has a blank thermal conductivity

high

17

transfer of heat as the result of direct contact between a circulating medium and another material of a different temp

convection

18

blank transfers energy better than blank

convection, conduction

19

a blank is an example of convection

whirlpool, blood

20

converting a non thermal form of energy into heat

conversion

21

heat transfer conversion like ultrasound and friction

mechanical

22

heat transfer conversion like acid to metal

chemical

23

conversion does not require blank but does require a good blank

direct contact, conductor

24

direct transfer of energy without direct contact or intervening medium

radiation

25

heat transfer where material must absorb energy before it can change from liquid to gas

evaporation

26

thermotherapy can destroy blank tissue growth

malignant

27

application of heat causes an increase in the diameter of blood vessels and thus an increase in the rate of blood flow... this is called blank and is a blank effect of thermotherapy

vasodilation, hemodynamic

28

thermotherapy blank sympathetic activity and a blank of smooth muscle contraction

inhibition, reduction

29

increased blood flow removes heat via blank

convection

30

thermotherapy increases blank conduction velocity

nerve

31

thermotherapy results in blank strength for 30 minutes after heating

decreased

32

thermotherapy results in fewer blank over time

strength gains

33

thermotherapy increases endothermic chemical blank

reaction rate

34

heat increases blank uptake and blank healing

oxygen, accelerates

35

heat blank fluid viscosity which allows for lengthening of fibers

decreases

36

infrared modalities emitting electromagnetic radiation

moist hot pack, paraffin bath, infrared lamp

37

moist hot packs retain heat for blank minutes

20

38

ratio of wax to oil in paraffin bath

5:1

39

paraffin has a blank specific heat

low

40

thermal modality used for the dry superficial heating of tissue

infrared lamp

41

IR-A generates blank rays

short

42

IR-B makes blank rays

middle

43

IR-C makes blank rays

long

44

clinically used wavelength

780-1500 nanometers

45

heat is produced by the resistance to an electric current as it passes through a tungsten or carbon filament surrounded by metal reflectors

luminous lamps