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Flashcards in Thigh Region Deck (69)
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1

Deep fascia of the thigh is known as _______?

Fascia Lata

2

The Fascia Lata is continuous superio-anteriorly with:

1) Inguinal l.
2) pubic arch
3) Body of pubis
4) Pubic tubercle

3

The Fascia Lata is continuous superio-posterio-laterally with:

The iliac crest

4

The Facia Lata is continuous superio-posterio-medially with:

1) Sacrum
2) coccyx
3) sacrotuberous l.
4) ischial tuberosity
5) ischiopubic ramus

5

The Fascia Lata is continuous inferiorly with:

1) Exposed parts of bone around the knee
2) Posterior Popliteal Fascia
3) Crural Fascia

6

The Iliotibial Band is:

1) The lateral thickening of the Fascia Lata
2) The shared aponeurosis of the tensor fascia kata and gluteus maximus mm.

7

The IT Band extends from _____ to _____.

1) Iliac Tubercle
2) Anterolateral tubercle of the tibia (Gerdy's Tubercle)

8

The three compartments divided by the Facia Lata are:

1) Anterior
2) Medial
3) Posterior

9

The walls of the three thigh compartments are formed by

1) Fascia Lata
2) 3 Intermuscular septa

10

The 3 Intermuscular septa are:

1) Lateral
2) Medial
3) Unnamed

11

The strongest wall of the thigh compartments is the _______ intermuscular septa.

Lateral

12

Where is the Saphenous opening located?

Inferior to the medial part of the inguinal l.

13

What is the cribriform fascia?

localized membranous tissue that closes the saphenous opening.

14

What goes through the saphenous opening?

1) Lymphatic vessels from superficial inguinal nodes
2) great saphenous v.

15

Which muscles make up the anterior thigh compartment?

1) Pectineus m. (L2, L3)
2) Iliopsoas m. (L1, L2, L3)
3) Sartorius m. (L2, L3)
4) Quadriceps Femoris mm. (L2, L3, L4)

16

The Iliacus and the Psoas Major mm. make up which muscle?

The Iliopsoas m.

17

Which four muscles make up the Quadriceps Femoris?

1) Rectus Femoris m. (L2, L3, L4)
2) Vastus Lateralis m. (L2, L3, L4)
3) Vastus Intermedius m. (L2, L3, L4)
4) Rectus Medialis m. (L2, L3, L4)

18

This muscle is known as the chief flexor of the thigh.

Iliopsoas m.

19

This muscle is capable of moving the origin in relation to the insertion.

Iliopsoas m.

20

The Iliopsoas m. is active during standing because...

It maintains lumbar lordosis and resists hyperextension of the hip.

21

This is the longest muscle in the body.

Sartorius m. (L2, L3)

22

Which two joints does the sartorius m. act on?

1) Acetabulofemoral Joint
2) Knee Joint

23

The "Kicking Muscle" is...

The Rectus Femoris m. (L2, L3, L4)

24

True or False: All four of the Quadriceps Femoris mm. are supplied by the femoral and profunda femoris aa.

False: The Rectus Femoris m. is only supplied by the Femoral a.

25

The joint capsule of the knee joint is reinforced by the aponeuroses formed by the _____ and _____ mm.

1) vastus medialis m. (L2, L3, L4)
2) vastus lateralis m. (L2, L3, L4)

26

Two muscles of the Quadriceps Femoris mm. form these structures to reinforce the joint capsule of the knee.

1) Medial patellar retinacula
2) Lateral patellar retinacula

27

The Quadriceps Femoris test:

1) Patient is supine with knee partly flexed
2) Patient extends knee against resistance
3) Muscle is observable and palpable
4) tests the integrity of the femoral n.

28

These muscles make up the medial thigh compartment.

1) Adductor Longus (L2, L3, L4)
2) Adductor Brevis (L2, L3, L4)
3) Adductor Magnus (L2, L3, L4)
4) Gracilis (L2, L3)
5) Obturator Externus (L3, L4)

29

This is the most powerful adductor.

Adductor Magnus (L2, L3, L4)

30

The primary actions of the anterior thigh group move in this plane.

The Sagittal Plane