Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral and Coccygeal vertebrae Flashcards Preview

MSK > Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral and Coccygeal vertebrae > Flashcards

Flashcards in Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral and Coccygeal vertebrae Deck (21):
1

What articulation do Demi facets facilitate

Vertebral body with head of ribs

2

Which vertebrae have whole facets

T9-T10

3

What articulation do whole facets facilitate

Vertebral body with head of ribs

4

Which vertebrae have costal facets

T1-T10

5

What articulation do costal facets facilitate

Transverse process with tubercle of ribs

6

What direction do thoracic superior articular processes face

Posterolaterally

7

What direction do thoracic inferior articular processes face

Anteromedially

8

What movements are permitted by arrangement of thoracic superior/inferior articular processes

Permits rotation
Limits Flexion

9

What are the largest discrete vertebrae

Lumbar vertebrae

10

How do lumbar vertebrae differ from other vertebrae

No foramen transversarium (unlike cervical)
No costal facets (unlike thoracic)

11

Shape of lumbar vertebral foramina

Small
Triangular

12

Which direction do the lumbar superior articular processes face

Medially

13

Which direction do the lumbar inferior articular processes face

Laterally

14

What movement is permitted by arrangement of lumbar superior/inferior articular processes

Flexion

15

What does the sacrum consist of

5 fused vertebrae

16

What does the sacrum articulate with

Superior - L5 vertebra
Inferior - coccyx
Lateral - ilium (via facets to form the sacro-iliac joints)

17

What does the coccyx consist of

4 fused vertebrae

18

Differens between coccyx and other vertebrae

No vertebral arches
No vertebral canal
Doesn't transmit spinal cord

19

How is the coccyx fractured
Is this common

Falling
Yes

20

What is the coccyx a remnant of

Tail

21

Which vertebrae have Demi facets

T2-T8

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