thorax 1 & 2 Flashcards Preview

LECOM- OPP/H&P > thorax 1 & 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in thorax 1 & 2 Deck (43):
1

what is the margin of the lung and parietal pleura at the midclavicular line

lung is 6th rib; parietal pleura is 8th rib

2

what is the margin of the lung and parietal pleura at the midaxillary line

lung is 8th rib; parietal pleural is 10th rib

3

what is the margin of the lung and parietal pleura at the mid scapular line

lung is 10th rib; parietal pleura is 12th rib

4

what decides dominance in the heart

whether the right or left side gives rise to the posterior descending artery

5

what does the cerebral cortex influence

anger, fear, anxiety

6

what primitive functions do the nuclei of the hypothalamus play in ANS function

hunger, thirst, sex

7

describe the pre and postganglionic neurons for the sympathetic pathway

pre are short; post are long

8

describe the pre and postganglionic neurons for parasympathetic pathway

pre are long; post are short

9

where are the PNS ganglia located in the sympathetic division

near vertebral column

10

where are the PNS ganglia located in the parasympathetic division

typically intramural

11

where are the CNS visceral motor neurons located in the sympathetic division

lateral gray horns of spinal segments T1-L2

12

where are the CNS visceral motor neurons located in the parasympathetic division

brain stem and spinal segments S2-S4

13

what are the sympathetic levels for the head and neck

T1-4

14

what are the sympathetic levels for the heart

T2-5

15

what are the sympathetic levels for respiratory

T2-7

16

what are the sympathetic levels for the esophagus

T2-8

17

what is the sympathetic level for the appendix

T12

18

what is the sympathetic level for the kidneys

T10-11

19

what is the sympathetic level for the adrenal medulla

T10

20

what is the sympathetic level for the upper ureters

T10-11

21

what is the sympathetic levels for the lower ureters

T12-L1

22

what is the sympathetic levels for the bladder

T11-L2

23

what is the sympathetic level for the gonads

T10-11

24

what is the sympathetic level for the uterus and cervix

T10-L2

25

what is the sympathetic level for erectile tissue

T11-L2

26

what is the sympathetic level for the prostate

T12-L2

27

what is the sympathetic level for the arms

T2-8

28

what is the sympathetic level for the legs

T11-L2

29

what makes rib 1 atypical

it articulates only with T1 and has no angle

30

what makes rib 2 atypical

it has a large tuberosity

31

what makes rib 10 atypical

it only has a single costovertebral articulation (otherwise typical)

32

what makes ribs 11 and 12 atypical

articulates only with corresponding vertebral body; has no neck or tubercles

33

what are the muscles of active breathing (exhalation)

intercostals internus, rectus abdominis, obliques, transversus abdominis

34

what are the costal lymphatics

parasternal, intercostal and diaphragmatic lymph nodes

35

what are the pump hand ribs

1-5

36

what are the bucket-handle ribs

primarily ribs 6-10

37

what are the caliper ribs

ribs 11 and 12

38

what plane and axis do the pump handle ribs move

saggital plane on transverse axi

39

what plane and axis do the bucket handle ribs move

coronal plane on AP axis (costovertebral-costosternal line)

40

what axis and plane do the caliper ribs move

horizontal plane on vertical axis

41

what are the borders of the anatomical inlet

manubrium, first ribs bilaterally and T1

42

what are the borders of the functional inlet

manubrium with angle of louis, first 2 ribs bilaterally, and T1-4

43

what are the borders of the thoracic outlet

clavicle, 1st ribs and scapula